Can I take Amoxicillin for a cold?

When should Amoxicillin not be used?

Antibiotic resistance is one of the problems of medicine in the 21st century.
Often, patients either flatly refuse to take antibiotics or begin taking antibacterial drugs on their own. In both cases, patients harm their health and the bacteria develop resistance to the drugs. In most cases, acute respiratory infections are caused by viral infections that cannot be treated with antibiotics, including Amoxicillin. Influenza and acute respiratory viral infections must be treated with bed rest, drinking plenty of fluids and taking antiviral drugs.

Viral infections are accompanied by fever, clear liquid discharge from the nose, sore throat, and dry cough.

Amoxicillin should not be taken for flu and colds caused by viruses. The drug will only worsen the condition of the body, but will not help cope with the viral infection.

A cold can only be treated with antibiotics if the infection is caused by bacteria. Only laboratory tests can reveal this.

Indirectly, a bacterial infection is indicated by:

  • yellow or green nasal discharge;
  • accumulation of thick greenish mucus in the throat;
  • severe swelling of the throat.

Amoxicillin for colds is used only when the bacterial nature of the disease is confirmed or if serious complications have appeared: otitis media, bronchitis, sinusitis and others. However, in these cases, a doctor's examination is necessary.

Classification of antibiotics

There are 4 main groups into which all antibiotics are conventionally divided:

  1. Penicillins
  2. Cephalosporins
  3. Macrolides
  4. Fluoroquinolones

Each group has its own properties:

  • Penicillins are most effective against most bacteria that provoke the development of inflammatory processes in the respiratory organs. They have strong antibacterial properties and are low-toxic, which is why they are prescribed for flu and colds in children;
  • Cephalosoprins are antibiotics with pronounced bactericidal properties and are capable of destroying bacterial cellular structure. This type of medication is prescribed for colds and coughs caused by pneumonia, bronchitis and other similar diseases. Medicines are available in the form of injections for intravenous or intramuscular administration, as they provoke irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa when taken orally;
  • Macrolides stop the proliferation of bacteria and are used in the treatment of allergic patients, since they cause almost no side symptoms. They are prescribed for the development of atypical pneumonia and the presence of complications after influenza. Ketolides and azalides are varieties of this group of antibiotics, which have some differences in their molecular structure;
  • Fluoroquinols are used to combat chlamydia, pneumococci and microplasmas. It is non-toxic and almost never causes allergic reactions, which makes it the best antibiotic for colds.

Pharmacological action and group

Amoxicillin acts selectively on microbes and does not affect the body's cells. In the human body, it finds certain bacterial proteins responsible for the growth of the microorganism, inactivates it, thereby suppressing the growth of the bacterium, which leads to its death.

This mechanism is cyclical because bacteria, during growth and development, have to constantly rebuild their cells and due to this they become unstable to amoxicillin.

Active against pyogenic bacteria:

  • Staphylococcus.
  • Streptococci.
  • Pneumococcus.

Also regarding some microbes that affect the intestines:

  • Salmonella.
  • Shigella.
  • Klebsiella.

The drug is excreted by the kidneys by 50-75%. The period during which half of it is eliminated from the body is 2-3 hours. But if there are problems in the renal system, it can increase to 8 hours.


In the fall, during times of stress and vitamin deficiency, a person’s immunity weakens, so it is so important to strengthen it. The drug is completely natural and allows you to recover from colds in a short time.

It has expectorant and bactericidal properties. Strengthens the protective functions of the immune system, perfect as a prophylactic. I recommend.

The instructions for use indicate that this medicine has a wide spectrum of action against various bacteria, both aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative.


  • Gram-positive bacteria, which include staphylococci, as well as streptococci of groups A, B, C, G, H, I, M and pneumostreptococcus.
  • Gram-negative bacteria that commonly cause gonorrhea and meningitis.
  • Gram-negative rods, which include Klebsiella, Escherichia, Shigella, Salmonella, Bordetella, Proteus, Chlamydia, Campylobacter and hemolytic bacillus.
  • Anaerobic microorganisms, which include, among others, peptococci, fusobacteria, peptostreptococci, clostridia.
  • Other microorganisms, which include, among other things, erysipeloid, actinomycetes, streptobacilli, corynebacteria, as well as treponema, borrelia, spirochete, listeria and others.

This medicine has a wide spectrum of action against various bacteria, both aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative.


Amoxicillin is an effective broad-spectrum antibiotic that belongs to the group of semisynthetic penicillins.

This remedy has a bactericidal effect: after a therapeutic course in the body, pathogenic microorganisms stop multiplying or remain in small, harmless quantities.

Facts about the drug

The history of the appearance of the drug begins in the 70s of the last century. It owes its appearance to a British pharmaceutical company and was called Amoxil. After the patent for the drug expired, it began to be produced by other pharmacological companies under different names.

Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum antibacterial drug that belongs to the group of semisynthetic penicillins.

The drug is available in oval or elongated tablets, convex on both sides, notches in the middle, white or slightly yellow, also in the form of granules for preparing a suspension. Amoxicillin is taken orally for colds. There may be two dosage options - 250 and 500 mg.

Additional substances included in the composition of Amoxicillin:

  • Povidone adsorbent;
  • Emulsifier sodium starch glycolate;
  • Magnesium salt – stabilizer;
  • Titanium dioxide for white painting;
  • Hypromellose is added for viscosity;
  • Talc as a source of magnesium and silicon.

Amoxicillin has a destructive effect on aerobic bacteria of gram-positive species, namely: staphylococcus, streptococcus, which are often the cause of colds, sore throats and gram-negative aerobic microorganisms - gonococci, meningococci, E. coli, Shigella, Salmonella, Klebsiella.

The active substance Amoxicillin destroys the structure of pathogenic microorganisms through the destruction of their cell wall. The bactericidal effect lasts for at least two hours.

Indications for use

In order not to worsen the patient’s condition, Amoxicillin for influenza is prescribed in special cases:

  1. When an incompletely cured disease provokes pneumonia. Its signs are: pain in the chest, fever that lasts 2 weeks, cough, difficulty breathing, sweating. Pneumococcus causes pneumonia, against which this medicine is effective.
  2. When pathogens enter the lymph nodes, they become inflamed and lymphadenitis appears. The disease indicates that there is a pathology in the body. Main symptoms: fever, fever, swollen lymph nodes. In this case, it is necessary to take Amoxicillin.
  3. For inflammation of the nasal sinuses. The list of common ENT diseases includes sinusitis and sinusitis. The nature of these diseases is bacterial, so during treatment you need to drink an antibiotic and put antibacterial drops in your nose.
  4. A common cold can result in a purulent sore throat. It progresses due to the development of pathogenic organisms. Sore throat is accompanied by weakness, elevated body temperature, unpleasant pain when swallowing, loss of appetite, and purulent, inflamed tonsils. Amoxicillin tablets are often prescribed for this disease.
  5. With purulent inflammation of the middle ear, which is called otitis. Children are often susceptible to the disease. The main symptoms of the disease are headache, ear pain, elevated body temperature, hearing loss, and dizziness.
  6. The drug is used for rhinitis, pharyngitis and bronchitis - after laboratory tests.
  • angina;
  • otitis;
  • bronchitis;
  • pneumonia;
  • intestinal infections;
  • inflammatory processes in the kidneys;
  • gynecological diseases;
  • skin infections.

magnesium stearate, iron oxide, gelatin, cellulose and dyes. The antibiotic Amoxicillin should not be used if the patient has minor symptoms of ARVI, such as runny nose, cough and chills. Moreover, it is forbidden to self-medicate. Reasons for this:

  • the drug may negatively affect digestion;
  • cause an allergic reaction;
  • reduce immunity;
  • provoke dysbacteriosis;
  • develop the body's addiction to the antibiotic.

The use of Amoxicillin is important if acute bacterial infections develop serious bacterial complications. First of all, we are talking about all forms of sore throat, including purulent one. When a sore throat appears against the background of an acute respiratory infection, taking antibiotics is mandatory - the infection is very dangerous and can cause serious damage to the body.

The drug is also prescribed for other ENT diseases associated with acute respiratory infections: otitis media, frontal sinusitis or sinusitis, tonsillitis or bronchitis, tracheitis, as well as pneumonia. This antibiotic is also used for acute respiratory infections that provoke infections of the genitourinary system, including pyelonephritis.

There are a number of indications for which this drug will be especially effective. It is usually taken when problems such as bronchitis, sore throat and pneumonia arise, as well as other upper respiratory tract infections that may have “cold-like” manifestations. In this case, the use of the drug will be extremely positive.

This drug is also used for a number of other problems, which include intestinal infections, inflammatory gynecological diseases, inflammatory kidney diseases, otitis media, as well as skin infections, infections of the abdominal organs.

It is strongly not recommended to take the drug in case of infectious mononucleosis, as well as in case of individual intolerance to penicillins, in which case it will not only not help, but will also be capable of serious harm.

It is also necessary to maintain an adequate drinking regime while taking this drug, otherwise there is a risk of pseudomembranous colitis, which, if neglected, can lead the patient to hospitalization.

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The typical dosage is 1 tablet (500 mg of the drug) three times a day. The dose changes if the infectious process becomes severe, in which case the dose is doubled, to two tablets three times a day.

During pregnancy

During pregnancy, the drug does not have a mutagenic, toxic or teragenic effect on the gestating fetus, and therefore does not cause any particular harm to the child. But this does not mean that there is no effect in principle.

On the contrary, the drug is characterized by the fact that the womb can be secreted along with breast milk, therefore it is very important to weigh all the risks when taking this drug during pregnancy, to understand what effect it can have.

For small children

Use for children is theoretically acceptable, but the dosage should be very different from that in an adult. In particular, it all depends on the specific age of the child.

  • For children aged 5 to 10 years, half a tablet is prescribed, that is, 250 mg of the drug 3 times a day.
  • For children aged from 2 to 5 years, the dose is 2 times smaller; the dose is taken exactly the same way, 3 times a day.
  • For children under two years of age, the dose should be calculated in direct proportion to the child’s weight. It is recommended to target approximately 20 mg per kilogram of weight. Everything is given exactly the same in 3 doses.

The duration of pediatric therapy varies from 4 to 12 days. Between doses of this drug, you must maintain a gap of about eight hours.

The indications for use of amoxicillin are very broad. Due to its unique properties, it is used for many diseases and their complications.

It has a wide spectrum of action and due to this it can inhibit the growth of a large number of bacteria.

Its action does not depend on the affected organ system or individual organ.

The drug penetrates well through protected parts of the body and affects the pathogen by direct inhibition of the protein complex.

Applicable in the following cases:

  • Sinusitis.
  • Otitis.
  • Sinusitis and frontal sinusitis.
  • Pharyngitis.
  • Tracheitis.
  • Sore throat.
  • With a prolonged course of acute respiratory infection of the respiratory tract.
  • For acute and chronic bronchitis.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • For acute and aggravated chronic cholecystitis.
  • For enteritis and colitis.
  • Cystitis.
  • Pyelonephritis.
  • Urethritis.

Amoxicillin is used for almost all inflammatory diseases of internal organs

The main contraindication is individual intolerance to the drug, manifested in an allergic reaction.

Allergies can act as:

  1. Rash.
  2. Urticaria.
  3. Allergic Quincke's edema (angioedema).
  4. Bronchospasm.
  5. Anaphylactic shock.

Should be used with caution in the following cases:

  1. Kidney failure.
  2. Severe gastrointestinal diseases accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting (oncological diseases, open ulcers, ulcerative colitis).
  3. Acute leukemia.
  4. Bronchial asthma (in particular uncontrolled asthma).
  5. Bleeding syndrome and vitamin K deficiency.
  6. Elderly and children's age. Concomitant use of alcohol (causes tolerance to alcohol).

Amoxicillin is able to suppress the activity of cold pathogens such as gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

The drug is prescribed for the following diseases:

  • tonsillitis (including the purulent form, when the temperature rises significantly and swallowing is accompanied by severe pain in the throat);
  • pharyngitis;
  • complication in the form of inflammation of the middle ear (otitis);
  • sinusitis;
  • acute form of sinusitis (in this case, amoxicillin is used in combination with nasal drops);
  • bronchitis;
  • purulent lymphadenitis (inflammation of the lymph nodes);
  • pneumonia (both as an independent disease and if it occurs as a complication of influenza).
  • hypersensitivity to at least one of the components of the product;
  • serious heart disease;
  • infectious mononucleosis;
  • kidney and liver damage;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute stage;
  • liver failure;
  • blood diseases;
  • hay fever;
  • diabetes;
  • colitis;
  • allergic reactions to penicillin.

The drug should be taken with caution by elderly people, as well as those who have undergone any surgical interventions within the last 6 months.

For small children

Reviews about Amoxicillin

Wide range of applications

Can be purchased without a doctor's prescription

Pregnant women should only take it on the recommendation of a doctor.

  • Efficiency
  • Has a wide spectrum of action
  • Price
  • Side effects
  • Contraindications
  • Availability in the pharmacy network.
  • Quick effect.
  • I experienced no side effects.
  • Long shelf life.
  • Wide range of applications.
  1. Many possible side effects.
  2. Dispensed with a doctor's prescription.
    The pharmacy sold me the drug in this packaging. Here is the name, number of capsules and dosage of one capsule.

    On the side surface there is brief important information about the drug.

    Each blister contains 8 tablets. Their total number is 16.

    Since this is an antibiotic, you need to pay special attention to the description given in the instructions. The instructions are very large.

    Indications for use. Quite a wide range of applications. From diseases of the ENT organs, to intestinal infections and so on.

    There are many side effects of the drug. Even though there are many of them, this does not mean that all of them will manifest themselves in your case. Personally, I didn't have any side effects.


    New Urengoy

    After examining my throat, the doctor, of course, immediately sent me to take smears to determine the presence or absence of infection.

    Since this product is not safe, there are many contraindications and side effects. So, be prudent, dear friends!


    Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum antibacterial drug that belongs to the class of semisynthetic penicillins. It has a broad therapeutic effect, which is aimed at quickly suppressing the activity of pathogenic bacteria (salmonella, staphylococcus, E. coli, etc.). This article will talk about whether Amoxicillin can be used for the flu, and how effective it is in general for colds.

Side effects

But firstly, more advanced drugs have appeared since then, and secondly, amoxicillin belongs to the group of penicillins, and most bacteria have already developed resistance to them over the decades.

However, such a drug is still effective against a number of pathogens even in cases where the disease is complicated.

Amoxicillin is a universal antibiotic: it is prescribed for bacterial lesions of various organs.

In cases where patients have a cough, sore throat, fever and runny nose, and also if ARVI is diagnosed in a protracted form, this drug is still used.

Although more often it is prescribed as part of complex therapy: it has to be combined with other drugs.

Taking Amoxicillin is prohibited for a number of diseases, including:

  • liver failure;
  • allergic diseases;
  • dysbiosis;
  • infectious mononucleosis.

The use of Amoxicillin is permissible only when prescribed by a doctor. Self-administration of an antibiotic can lead to worsening of the disease, depression of the gastrointestinal tract, and overdose.

Amoxicillin has side effects, if detected, the drug should be stopped immediately:

  • overexcitation, insomnia, anxiety;
  • cramps, headache, dry mouth;
  • allergic rhinitis, urticaria, anaphylactic shock;
  • dysbiosis, vomiting, nausea;
  • violation of taste perception;
  • stomatitis.

However, side effects of the drug are rare.

Amoxicillin is well tolerated, but in case of overdose or individual characteristics of the body, side effects may occur:

  • Allergic reactions accompanied by itching, rash and rhinitis. In severe cases, urticaria, angioedema and anaphylactic shock may occur.
  • From the digestive system: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, loss of taste, lack of appetite, dysbacteriosis.
  • Disorders in the central nervous system associated with headaches, anxiety, dizziness, seizures, and sleep disturbances.
  • Failure in the cardiovascular system: the occurrence of tachycardia, arrhythmia, palpitations.
  • General intoxication of the body associated with impaired water balance, vomiting and diarrhea.

Gastric lavage, sorbents and laxatives will help eliminate adverse reactions.

Side effects of amoxicillin can be divided into the systems in which they occur. Their occurrence is extremely rare and exceptional.

  1. From the gastrointestinal tract: diarrhea, bloating. Increased liver blood parameters (ALT, AST, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase). Rarely: abdominal pain, vomiting.
  2. From the cardiovascular system: rapid heartbeat. Rarely - decreased blood pressure.
  3. From the nervous system: dizziness, headache, drowsiness. Rarely: agitation, sleep disturbance, depression.
  4. From the genitourinary system: an increase in the level of creatinine in the blood plasma. Interstitial nephritis.
  5. Skin: rash, urticaria.
  6. From the musculoskeletal system: pain in muscles and joints.

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Where to buy amoxicillin?

Amoxicillin is not an expensive drug. Its price in capsules, depending on the dosage, ranges from 37 to 99 rubles.

The price of granules for preparing amoxicillin suspension in different pharmacies ranges from 89 to 143 rubles.

The cold is a very seemingly simple disease, but it still, even taking into account the development of modern medicine, poses many difficulties - curing it is not as easy as it seems. Therefore, they resort to various drugs that can help overcome this problem. There are several effective options, such as amoxicillin, which will be discussed below. But it has its limitations, which are very important to consider.

Treatment with amoxicillin for influenza

Amoxicillin is a synthetically produced antibiotic with a wide spectrum of action. It is part of the largest group of antibiotics - beta-lactams.

This group is the most used in practice, and amoxicillin is used everywhere, for various types of infectious diseases. It has a wide coverage and affects many forms of pathogens.

It is obtained through synthesis from the mold Penicillium chrysogenum and through chemical action the finished product is obtained.

Amoxicillin has a hydroxyl group of molecules and thanks to them, it penetrates faster into the blood, due to which its rapid concentration occurs.

It tolerates the action of gastric juice well and thanks to this it compares favorably with representatives of this group of antibiotics.

Mechanism of action

Treatment with this drug can be started either in tablet form or in the form of injections. The use of amoxicillin does not depend on the timing of meals and can be used by people of all ages.

There are a number of features in its application, such as:

  1. Single dose.
  2. Daily dose.

A single dose is a dose of the drug that is used simultaneously and on average it is 250 or 500 milligrams.

These are the best dosages for gradually increasing the concentration of the antibiotic in the blood and maintaining the process of destruction of microbes.

Daily dose is the dose that should be consumed per day. It is, in average proportions, 1500 grams. This dosage is necessary to maintain the desired level of the drug in the blood.

Can I take amoxicillin if I have a cold?

With a lower dosage, the process of destruction of microbes will be insufficient and inflammation will continue.

The average duration of therapy should not exceed 10 days and the effectiveness of the drug should be judged after the first 48 hours after the start of therapy.

When the clinical picture improves (decrease in body temperature, decrease in symptoms of intoxication), one can judge its effectiveness. If the clinical picture does not change, then you should think about changing the drug.

The drug is used at regular intervals, as the half-life process from the body occurs quickly. For people suffering from kidney diseases, the dosage interval should be increased to 8 hours (corresponding to the half-life).

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In the modern world, flu is not treated with antibacterial agents. The mechanism of action of amoxicillin is based on the destruction of the growth system of bacteria, and not viruses, which include the influenza virus.

Can I take amoxicillin if I have a cold?

Penetrating into the body and not finding the target cells, the drug is reabsorbed and removed from the body by the kidneys without having a clinical effect.


The main cause of bronchitis accompanied by sputum is a viral infection. The disease occurs due to damage by bacteria, and in some cases, when the body is exposed to allergens.

Now you can safely purchase excellent natural drugs that alleviate the symptoms of the disease, and in up to a few weeks allow you to completely get rid of the disease.

Description of the drug

It must be said right away that Amoxicillin for flu and colds should be prescribed only in extreme cases, when the patient’s body cannot cope with the cold on its own, and antiviral drugs are no longer effective enough.

Due to the fact that the main cause of influenza is a virus, it is recommended to use antiviral drugs to treat its mild forms. Such an antibiotic should be prescribed if the disease has caused bacterial complications in the ears, nose, throat, lungs, etc.

The main active ingredient of this antibiotic is amoxicillin trihydrate. Immediately after entering the body, it is very quickly and almost completely absorbed, thereby reaching maximum concentration in the blood in a short period and exerting its therapeutic effect.

The drug is eliminated approximately twelve hours after administration. It has a cumulative effect, so it should be taken at the same time so that the drug substance does not have time to be eliminated from the body.

It should be noted that a big mistake is the use of Amoxicillin for ARVI in the initial stage, when a person suffers only from fever, cough and runny nose. It is contraindicated to use this antibiotic in this condition, because it can have a detrimental effect not only on the human digestive system, but also significantly reduce his immunity.

It is recommended to take Amoxicillin at high temperatures and intensive development of influenza, and not at the initial stages of ARVI

Use during pregnancy

Amoxicillin for colds is used in the most urgent cases, when the body is powerless against the disease, and antiviral drugs have lost their effectiveness. An antibiotic is usually prescribed when the infection has caused various kinds of complications.

The trihydrate does not affect some types of microorganisms that have adapted to penicillin antibiotics. Only a qualified doctor knows whether it is possible to prescribe medicine to a patient. He analyzes the results of clinical studies, the epidemic situation, anamnesis and only then determines that Amoxicillin can be prescribed to the patient.

The drug has not been studied in women during pregnancy. Animal studies of amoxicillin have shown that the drug does not affect the genetic, embryonic and mutagenic development of the fetus.

But due to the lack of clear research in humans, the use of amoxicillin is allowed only in cases of high risk to the mother, which exceeds the risk to the fetus from using amoxicillin.

The drug is concentrated in breast milk and therefore the child should be weaned from the mother during the treatment period. During breastfeeding, the baby may develop antibiotic-associated diarrhea or develop resistance to penicillins.

We should not forget about a possible immediate allergic reaction

Taking Amoxicillin reduces the effect of oral contraceptives, so during treatment of acute respiratory infections it is necessary to take additional measures to protect against pregnancy.

During pregnancy, treatment of acute respiratory infections, even of a bacterial nature, should not include Amoxicillin. This drug affects the fetus, so it is not used even when the benefits of treatment outweigh the possible risks.

The drug should not be used during lactation. The components of the drug pass into breast milk in small quantities, affecting the baby’s condition.

Women during pregnancy are prescribed amoxicillin only if the expected benefit of this medication for the mother outweighs the potential for harm to the fetus. Although there have been no documented cases of amoxicillin having a negative effect on the course of pregnancy and childbirth, no qualified studies have been conducted on this topic. Therefore, doctors prefer not to take risks.

And during breastfeeding, amoxicillin is contraindicated for the mother: it passes into breast milk and can cause allergic reactions in the baby or disruption of the intestinal microflora.

Can I take amoxicillin if I have a cold?

Pregnancy and breastfeeding are relative contraindications to treatment with amoxicillin.

This is also explained by disturbances in the immune system during pregnancy and after childbirth.

But amoxicillin can be prescribed on an individual basis.

During breastfeeding, this antibiotic is even more undesirable than during pregnancy, during which the fetus is still protected by the mother's immunity.

But during breastfeeding, the components of the drug pass into breast milk in small quantities.

  • signs of stomatitis;
  • stomach colic;
  • dermatological rashes.

But even in a nursing mother, due to hormonal and immune disorders, adverse reactions to the antibiotic are possible in the form of diarrhea, dizziness, sleep disturbances and skin rashes.

The prescription of such a drug is possible in cases where the risk to the health of the mother exceeds the same risks to the child.

  1. The safest period to use antibiotics is the second and third trimesters. At this time, the components of the drug do not penetrate through the fully formed placenta to the fetus. And the mother already has relatively established hormonal levels, so no side effects can be expected.
  2. Antibiotics during the day should be taken only after feeding the child.
  3. A specialist should monitor the course of treatment. If amoxicillin leads to the development of unexpected reactions of the body or side effects, you should tell your doctor about it.
  4. For complicated colds, it may be necessary to increase the dose of the drug and extend the therapeutic course. In such cases, the child should be temporarily transferred to artificial feeding. In this case, milk must be expressed so as not to lose the function of lactation, but it should not be given to the child.

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If you choose between the desire to protect your child from the effects of antibiotics and treatment in case of complicated colds, it is better to choose the second option.

But if left untreated, complications will definitely affect the fetus, since advanced respiratory pathologies can lead to difficulty breathing.

And this means a lack of oxygen for the fetus, and this is much more dangerous.


Amoxicillin has few contraindications. The main contraindications include:

  • age up to 3 years,
  • first trimester of pregnancy,
  • breast-feeding,
  • intolerance to amoxicillin and other penicillins,
  • severe form of renal failure,
  • severe digestive system disorders,
  • Infectious mononucleosis,
  • lymphocytic leukemia,
  • bronchial asthma,
  • history of antibiotic-associated colitis.

When amoxicillin and clavulanic acid are used together, severe liver disease is added to these contraindications.

Amoxicillin and metronidazole should not be used together in childhood. Although the minimum age at which amoxicillin can be used, according to the manufacturer's recommendation, is 3 years, in practice, however, pediatricians also use amoxicillin to treat younger children.

The suspension contains sucrose, this should be taken into account by people with diabetes.

It should be understood that amoxicillin, like any antibiotic, is intended to treat only bacterial infections, and in the case of viral infections - ARVI, influenza, herpes, its use will not only be pointless, but also often harmful.

Use of amoxicillin during pregnancy and lactation

Prescribe the drug with caution during pregnancy. It can only be used in the second and third trimesters. Since amoxicillin passes into breast milk, taking it while breastfeeding is prohibited, since the drug can cause allergic reactions and dysbiosis in the child.

Doses and method of administration

The dosage and frequency of administration are prescribed by the attending physician, after assessing the patient’s condition and the severity of the infectious disease. The course of treatment with Amoxicillin ranges from 5 to 14 days. In hospital settings, the drug can be administered through a dropper or injection.

The drug can be taken after meals. The active substance of the drug normally tolerates an acidic environment. It is necessary to take the drug in accordance with the doctor’s recommendations, preferably at the same time.

If you were unable to take the drug on time, then you need to take it as soon as possible. However, you cannot double the dose of the drug even if you missed the previous dose.

An overdose of this drug threatens not only a sharp deterioration in well-being, but also serious health problems in the future.

An overdose may manifest itself:

  • urinary retention;
  • convulsions;
  • confusion;
  • nausea;
  • skin rash;
  • pain.

If symptoms of overdose are detected, it is necessary to urgently rinse the stomach, take absorbent substances and call a doctor.

When amoxicillin is prescribed, the dosage and total duration of the therapeutic course are selected individually.

It depends on the disease, its severity and the characteristics of its course.

The drug is suitable for treating children of any age.

  1. For newborns and children under two years of age, the dosage is prescribed based on weight - for every kilogram of weight - 20 milligrams of the drug.
  2. For children from two to five years old, the antibiotic is prescribed in the amount of 125 milligrams per day.
  3. For children aged five to ten years, the daily dose is 250 milligrams.
  4. Children over ten years old can already take adult doses - from 250 to 500 milligrams three times a day.

If the cold is particularly severe, the dose may be increased to 1 gram.

In all cases, the medicine is taken only after meals, and at least 8 hours must pass between doses.

You should not increase the dosage on your own without consulting your doctor, as this may lead to the development of side effects.

How to take Amoxicillin correctly

Instructions for use of Amoxicillin provide general information about the drug. The dosage and method of administration are determined by the attending physician. It takes into account the patient’s individual data: age, weight, nature of the existing disease. The drug is available in the form of tablets of 250, 500 and 1000 mg, suspension and granules. Adults are given recommendations on how to take the medicine.

  • The daily intake should not exceed 1000 mg.
  • The course of treatment varies from 5 to 12 days.
  • The antibiotic should be taken after meals.
  • The interval between doses of the medication should be 8 hours.
  • It is prohibited to drink alcohol while taking the drug.
  • If the condition improves, it is not advisable to interrupt treatment.
  • If signs of deterioration appear, you should immediately contact a specialist.
  • To maintain a normal balance of microflora in the intestines, bifidobacteria are taken simultaneously with the antibiotic.
  • If treatment exceeds the specified periods, it is necessary to monitor the functioning of the liver and kidneys.
  • You cannot combine Amoxicillin with other potent medications without a doctor's prescription.

Amoxicillin is not contraindicated for children. It is recommended as granules that dissolve well in water, or suspensions, with a dosage of 125 and 250 mg. If a pathology is detected, the doctor may prescribe the following treatment regimen.

  • Children under 2 years of age are prescribed a dose of 20 mg/kg, which is divided into 3 doses.
  • Amoxicillin for children aged 2 to 5 years is prescribed 125 mg.
  • Amoxicillin - instructions for children over 10 years of age suggest a norm of 250-500 mg 3 times a day. If the disease is severe, the dose of the drug is increased by 1 g.

Use for sinusitis

Sinusitis is an acute inflammation of the sinuses, accompanied by fever, headache and nasal congestion. Inflammation is caused by viruses and bacteria. Mostly pyogenic bacteria.

By inoculating the nasal cavity, they begin the process of active reproduction.

Due to the close proximity of the brain, the use of antibiotics should be started as early as possible, as the risk of an abscess breaking into the sterile environment of the brain increases.

Depending on the severity of the course, amoxicillin is prescribed in general therapeutic doses or in maximum single and daily doses.

General therapeutic 500 mg 3 times a day, and maximum 1000 mg 2 times a day. Duration of treatment is 10 days.

Mechanism of action


Drugs similar to amoxicillin are based on the same active ingredient.

Therefore, if an allergy or intolerance is revealed to the medicine itself, there is no point in replacing it with similar means.

This is only appropriate in cases where for some reason it is impossible to buy amoxicillin itself.

  1. Amoxicar. For the treatment of adults, a tablet form is used; for children, the drug is available in the form of a suspension; taking amoxicar is permissible only from the age of ten.
  2. Augmentin. A combined action antibiotic that affects a wide range of bacteria.
  3. Amoxiclav. In addition to the antibacterial compound, the product contains clavulanic acid, which prevents the destruction of amoxicillin in the bodies of bacteria.
  4. Flemoxin solutab. A combined antibiotic that is used for the development of complications due to colds.
  5. Amclave. Almost identical in composition and action to amoxicillin, but is available not only in tablets, but also in powder form for dilution in water.

Today, many domestic and foreign pharmaceutical companies produce analogues of Amoxicillin. They are used for the same diseases as the original medicine. The most popular foreign drugs are as follows.

  • Augmentin is a combination remedy for eliminating bacterial infections.
  • Flemoklav Solutab is indicated for children for the treatment of ARVI. Its tablet form makes it easy to take the drug.
  • Amoxiclav is produced in several forms. In addition to tablets with different dosages, there are injection solutions and powders for suspensions.
  • The amclave is created in liquid dosage form and in powder. Effective against positive and negative bacteria.
  • Amoxicar suppresses numerous groups of pathogenic microorganisms.

The peculiarity of these medications is that they contain clavulanic acid. It blocks one of the antibiotic enzymes, penicillinase, preventing the destruction of amoxicillin. There are many other similar antibiotics. Among them are Standacillin, Penodil, Ampicillin Innotek, Ampicillin and many others.

Note for pregnant women

Many women, while carrying a baby, often wonder: is it possible to take an antibiotic, and if “yes,” then in what quantities. Amoxicillin is contraindicated during pregnancy because there is no information on how it affects fetal development.

In individual cases, the drug is prescribed when the threat to the health of the expectant mother is too great. Antibiotics should not be taken while breastfeeding. Otherwise, the child is transferred to artificial nutrition.

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