Ointment for rashes on the hands of children


The principle of action of ointment in the nose

Respiratory infectious viruses transmitted by airborne droplets enter through the nose and mouth. Therefore, the ointment is used to treat the nasal mucosa, where the medicinal substances will act and prevent the passage of pathogenic microbes.

The mechanism of action of the ointment for colds is as follows:

  1. Thanks to the thick structure, a protection is created on which microorganisms settle.
  2. The components present in the composition have a detrimental effect on viral cells.
  3. The medicine reduces the rate of microbial reproduction, which is important when a person is sick.
  4. Immune defense is activated, thanks to which the mucous membrane quickly copes with pests. The exit of non-viable cold pathogens is through the nose by sneezing or rinsing.

The use of ointment in the nose to prevent colds is required after contact with a sick person or during an exacerbation of ARVI. The product protects against virus infection, alleviates the course of the disease, and speeds up recovery. Ointments reduce nasal congestion and mucus secretion. Such drugs are also used for children.

Ointment for runny nose for children and adults

This group of drugs, when used topically, causes constriction of blood vessels, relieves swelling of the mucous membrane, hyperemia of the nasopharynx, reduces the amount of nasal discharge and makes breathing easier.

As a rule, such drugs have a complex chemical composition, multiple contraindications and side effects.

For these reasons, you can use products based on vasoconstrictor components only after consultation with an otolaryngologist.

For a cold that manifests itself as a runny nose or nasal congestion, traditional medicine will always come to the aid of the patient.

Treatment of runny nose is especially common with folk remedies in children, since when used correctly, this method is the safest and most effective. The advantage of this therapy is that it is not addictive.

It is also important that the use of folk remedies for runny nose in children has practically no contraindications and does not cause adverse reactions, and is characterized by low cost.

The occurrence of a runny nose in children is a common occurrence, so parents are often not very worried about this and do not take any measures to treat it. In fact, snot is often a symptom of a more serious condition.

And due to the special anatomical structure of a child’s nose, it is imperative to identify the causes of a runny nose, otherwise complications may arise in the future.

Therefore, parents must know how to help their child and how to treat snot at home.

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Every parent should know what to use for a runny nose in children. Rhinitis itself is a disease in which inflammation of the nasal mucosa occurs. It should be noted that this disease is quite common in children. Typically, a runny nose in children occurs due to an overly weakened immune system.

It should be noted that not all parents take the runny nose seriously, considering it a harmless disease. This is a very big mistake. A runny nose that is not treated in time can cause inflammation to begin to rise higher into the maxillary sinuses, which connect the nasopharynx to the middle ear.

Determining whether a child has a runny nose is not difficult. A sick baby's temperature rises, the nasal mucosa swells, which causes difficulty breathing. Also, the baby loses appetite and taste perception worsens.

Along with tablets, drops and injections, a wide variety of ointments are also used against the runny nose. This type of local drugs is usually not included in the category of classical drug therapy, but in some cases it turns out to be an effective, painless and effective alternative means of prevention and comprehensive treatment of the causes of the disease, as well as reducing their symptoms.

During the cold season, the risk of a runny nose in a child increases several times. The surest remedy for treating a little fidget is a runny nose ointment for children.

Most medications only relieve the symptoms of a runny nose, but do not eliminate its causes. A common cold if not treated correctly can lead to serious consequences.

To prevent complications, at the first symptoms it is necessary to use ointment for a runny nose.

Each ointment has its own properties, and effective action can only be achieved by choosing the right medicine. It will be difficult to cure a bacterial infection with complex-action drugs, so when choosing ointments you need to take into account their characteristics and what they are intended for.

This type of ointment is not prescribed by doctors for children as a therapeutic drug, but as one that has preventive properties and reduces the risk of infectious disease.

It is necessary to make sure that the child is not allergic to any component in its composition. To do this, you should seek advice from a qualified doctor.

Such ointments are most in demand as preventive measures for children over 1 year of age.

Viferon. Antiviral ointment. It promotes the functioning of the immune system, removes a small part of harmful microorganisms from the affected area in the nasal mucosa.

It must be used in the first stages of infection with a respiratory viral infection. Viferon protects the body from the entry of new pathogens and prevents the growth of the inflammatory process, localizing it to a certain extent.

It is extremely rare to have an allergy to this drug; the components are safe.

Viferon is used three times a day. Apply a thin layer to the walls of the child's nasal passages to ensure their protection. The ointment must be used regularly for 10-15 days. Viferon has virtually no contraindications due to poor absorption in the body.

It is recommended to use as a prophylactic before seasonal cold snaps. In autumn and winter, children's immune systems are weakened and very vulnerable to colds.

Oxolinic ointment. The ointment contains a substance called oxolin with antiviral properties. The product is used for a runny nose and signs of flu. Oxolin is applied to the upper layer of the epithelium and mucous membrane of the child. The high level of activity of the substances allows you to effectively protect against many viruses and even herpes.

Nasal oxolinic ointment is intended for the treatment of small children with a runny nose and as a prophylaxis against infections.

Diseases of respiratory viral infections are treated with oxolinic ointment with 0.25% content of the main active substance. Like many ointments, apply a thin layer to the child’s nasal mucosa.

Use no more than 3 times a day for a month. It can be longer, but you need to consult a doctor.

Oxolinic ointment does not have the desired effect when the virus has already entered the body and has begun to develop. Under such conditions, it can only be used as a prophylactic against the common cold.

There are no special contraindications for use of oxolinic ointment. There is one possible side effect - a burning sensation in the patient's nose and mucous membranes, and this feeling should go away after use.

How to cope with a runny nose - this question begins to worry people with the arrival of autumn and winter. Many of us take this disease lightly, believing that it will go away on its own. In some cases this happens, but in others it causes serious complications, such as sinusitis, otitis media, or develops into a chronic runny nose.

A runny nose can be triggered either by a viral infection (ARVI) or various allergens. In medicine, the following types of rhinitis are noted: allergic and infectious.

• Oxolinic • Fleming's • Evamenol • Doctor Mom • Asterisk • Thuja ointment • Tetracycline • Levomekol • Vishnevsky • What ointment for a runny nose can be used for children?

Allergic rhinitis occurs as a result of various allergens entering the human body, such as pollen, animal dander and dust. With allergic rhinitis, a person may experience difficulty breathing, nasal congestion, and red eyes.

Infectious rhinitis is caused by various viruses. This type of rhinitis occurs in half of the adult population. As for children, it occurs most often in them.

This disease should not be left to chance. Therefore, in our article we will talk about effective ointments for the common cold. Of course, ideally it is better to seek help from a doctor.

The most popular is 0.25% oxolinic ointment, which in the 70-90s of the last century was practically the only drug for the prevention of acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory viral infections and influenza.

Oxolinic ointment is a fairly effective protective agent against adenoviruses and influenza viruses - due to simple mechanical prevention of pathogenic microorganisms entering the body through the nasal mucosa.

However, this “mechanics” works and reduces the incidence rate during seasonal viral epidemics.

For the purpose of prevention, oxolinic ointment for colds for children should be applied twice a day and, above all, before going to a place where there will be a lot of people: to a kindergarten, school, store, on a visit or to a New Year's party. Be sure to smear oxolinka in the nose even when someone in the family gets sick. The nasal passages must be cleared of the applied ointment (with microbes “stuck” in it) by rinsing with warm water.

When treating a runny nose in children, oxolinic ointment is applied in a very thin layer - at least three times a day for 4-5 days. Why is it important not to overdo it with the amount of ointment? Because a thick layer can make it difficult to breathe through the nose (this is already a problem during a cold), and the child will have to breathe through the mouth. And then the virus will enter the unprotected mucous membrane of the mouth and upper throat.

By the way, despite the solid “work experience” of oxolinic ointment, debate about the effectiveness of its use for medicinal purposes continues to this day. After all, just imagine, there have been no fundamental studies of the therapeutic properties of this drug...

But the basis of the therapeutic effect of the antiviral ointment for colds for children “Viferon” is interferon alpha-2. So this drug belongs to the class of immunomodulators. The use of this ointment helps to increase the synthesis of interferon in the body and reduce the incidence of ARVI.

Viferon ointment is effective for the prevention and treatment of various respiratory diseases of frequently ill children, including young children and newborns. To do this, pediatricians recommend lubricating the nasal mucosa 2 times a day. The drug has no contraindications or side effects.

Parents need to remember that ointments for runny noses in children, which contain menthol, are not prescribed to children under three years of age.

After three years, it is often recommended to treat a runny nose using Evamenol ointment with menthol and eucalyptus oil. The instructions indicate that the ointment should be applied to the nasal mucosa 2-3 times a day for 5-7 days.

Ointment for runny noses in children “Vicks Active Balm” (PROCTER {amp}amp; GAMBLE) contains the same camphor, eucalyptus oil and turpentine oil. And instead of menthol - levomenthol, which is a combined antiseptic for topical use in ENT practice and dentistry.

Classification of ointments for the common cold

Any ointment for a runny nose for children or adults, by type and nature of action, can be one of the types listed in the list:

  • antiviral ointment - the product is often used for prophylactic purposes during times of exacerbation and active spread of infections and viruses;
  • ointment based on antiseptics - often has therapeutic purposes and is used to suppress the activity of bacteria;
  • combined formulations are designed to provide a general healing effect and are used as an independent complex. Often in practice they turn out to be the most effective compared to other ointments;
  • Homeopathic ointments differ from analogues in their completely natural composition. Such agents can be used as part of an antiviral or antibacterial complex.

Stages of development of a runny nose

A normal runny nose lasts about 7-10 days. If the pathology is allergic in nature, then the duration of rhinitis is determined by the time of exposure to the allergen. In the development of a runny nose of an infectious nature, there are only three stages of development:

  1. Reflex. This is the initial stage of the development of the disease, which lasts several hours. It is characterized by pallor of the mucous membrane. Symptoms such as dryness, burning, and repeated sneezing occur.
  2. Catarrhal. The duration of this stage is about 2-3 days. It is characterized by lacrimation, copious discharge, and swelling of the nasal mucosa. The temperature may rise to 37.2-37.5º C.
  3. Recovery. The third stage of a runny nose may be final. The mucous membrane is restored, the symptoms disappear. But, since local immunity is still weakened, stopping treatment during this period may contribute to the disease becoming chronic.

Usually, with proper treatment of a runny nose, no problems arise. With normal functioning of the immune system, recovery can occur within 2-3 days. But a weakened body will not be able to cope with pathology so quickly.

Antibacterial agents

  • Dolphin is a solution for rinsing the nose, very convenient to use for children, who may find it difficult to explain that they need to rinse their nose. Up to two years, use with caution. There is a special release form for allergy sufferers. The drug package contains 10 sachets of powder for dilution and a device for washing. The process alleviates the symptoms of a runny nose, relieves swelling, washes away accumulated secretions, destroying bacteria and microbes.
  • Nozzle stickers. They contain eucalyptus and camphor, which help ease breathing. If the baby removes the sticker on his clothes, you can attach it to the crib during sleep.
  • Ointment Clean Nose - significantly relieves the condition of a runny nose. It contains mint and eucalyptus oils. It is applied to the sinuses from above, so as not to burn the mucous membrane, and helps eliminate irritation and inflammation.

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Types of nasal cold ointments

Among the medications, there are many ointments for colds intended for the treatment and prevention of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections. These medications are sold in every pharmacy. Each product has its own characteristics. Ointments for colds in the nose are divided depending on the types of microorganisms on which they act. Typically these medications are used:

  • from viruses;
  • bacteria;
  • fungi.

There are drugs with combined effects. Some may have vasoconstrictor and antiseptic properties. Ointments differ in chemical composition. In production they use:

  • artificial substances similar in properties to the protein interferon, which is secreted by the body's cells in response to the invasion of viruses (“Viferon”);
  • antibiotics that help cope with staphylococcal infections (Bactroban);
  • synthetic components that cope with viral pathogens (oxolinic ointment);
  • extracts of medicinal herbs (“Pinosol”, “Doctor Mom”).

From the list, one should highlight the Bactroban ointment, which is prescribed in cases of advanced sinusitis, purulent rhinitis, and sinusitis. The product eliminates strains of staphylococcus and streptococcus, but is not used as a prophylaxis.

Ointments for the prevention of colds in the nose can be used for adults and children. They are easy to use and considered safe. They can be purchased on the advice of a doctor or independently. The main thing is to use medications according to instructions. To prevent colds from occurring, it is advisable to smear your nose 2-3 times a day. In case of allergies, ointments should be used carefully or a different method of treatment should be chosen.

Warming ointment for colds in children

This type of ointment is applied to certain areas of the body to accelerate blood circulation (subcutaneous metabolic processes), and can also be used as protection against cold. Warming ointments are used both to prevent colds and to treat colds in children. They can be used to treat wheezing and shortness of breath when coughing in children over two years of age.

Warming ointments contain mainly natural ingredients.

Ointments based on natural ingredients such as eucalyptus, thymol, and nutmeg have a good healing effect. These ointments are made with paraffin or petroleum jelly.

Star balm can also be used as a warming ointment. It contains essential oils that allow the child to quickly cope with a cough.

Turpentine ointment, based on gum turpentine, quickly thins the child’s mucus and removes it from the lungs.

Warming ointment should not be used at elevated temperatures. This may increase mucus production in the bronchi. Children under three years old will not be able to cough in this case, and the mucus can lead to blockage of the lungs. In such a situation, a common cold can develop into obstructive bronchitis with serious treatment.

Do not use ointments if the child is allergic to essential oils. This can lead to suffocation and subsequently to bronchial asthma.

Turpentine ointment should not be used if the child has allergic reactions or liver and kidney diseases.

Before using the ointment, do a test. Apply ointment to the elbow area. If there are no changes within 24 hours, you can safely use the ointment in treatment.

The ointment helps well only at the beginning of the disease. During a cold, the ointment is applied to those areas that have been exposed to hypothermia. As a rule, these are the heels, nose, chest, between the shoulder blades. There is no need to smear on the side of the heart. After this, the child needs to be wrapped up, put to bed and given a warming drink.

The principle of the ointment is based on improving blood circulation during warming. This allows germs and toxins to be removed from the body. To treat a cold, warming ointment should be applied to the child three times a day. Monitor the condition of your skin to avoid allergic reactions.

Ointment "Viferon"

This is an effective ointment for colds. The immunomodulatory agent has an antiviral effect. In addition to human recombinant interferon, the composition contains peach oil and tocopherol acetate. With this combination, the antiviral effect of interferon is enhanced, which restores tissue and relieves inflammation of the nasal mucosa.

Interferon has only a local effect, so the ointment can be used by pregnant and lactating women. The drug has no age restrictions, so it is also suitable for infants.

"Pinosol"

The ointment is of plant origin. Thanks to the essential oils of pine and eucalyptus, the drug has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. "Pinosol" is used in the treatment and prevention of acute and chronic inflammation of the nasopharynx.

The ointment is effective for children over 2 years of age and adults. Pregnancy and lactation are not considered contraindications. Side effects include itching, burning, swelling, and dry nasal mucosa. The medication should be used with caution and should not be allowed to come into contact with the eyes.

Types of children's cough ointments

Medicines for external use for cough can only be prescribed to children by a pediatrician based on the cause of the disease, accompanying symptoms and the age of the child. The main contraindications to the use of such medications are individual intolerance, high fever and skin damage (rash, burns, cuts, etc.). The most effective rubbing agents are:

  • Pulmex Baby;
  • Dr. Theiss;
  • Eucabalus;
  • Doctor Mom;
  • Turpentine ointment;
  • Vicks.

Pulmex Baby

The cough medicine Pulmex Baby has a strong antiseptic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect. According to the instructions, the medicine can be used for children over 6 months of age. Pulmex Baby contains Peruvian balsam, eucalyptus oil and rosemary extract. Indications for use of the medication are:

  • tracheobronchitis;
  • colds of viral or bacterial etiology;
  • tracheitis;
  • acute and chronic bronchitis;
  • bronchospasm;
  • laryngospasm.

The medicine should be used externally only. Pulmex Baby should be applied in a small amount to the chest area, shoulder blades and rubbed in with light massage movements. Contraindications to the use of the medication: age under 6 months, damage to the skin and an allergic reaction to the components of the drug. The price of the drug is about 350 rubles.

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Dr. Theiss

The composition of the medicine by Dr. Theiss includes essential oils of pine and eucalyptus, camphor. This drug for topical use has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. The ointment should be applied to the back and chest area and rubbed in with light movements. Dr. Theiss is prescribed to children over three years of age for inflammatory processes in the upper and lower respiratory tract. The cost of the medicine is approximately 350 rubles.

Eucabalus

Eucabal ointment is produced in the form of a balm. This product for external use contains eucalyptus and pine oils. The drug helps to liquefy and remove mucus from the respiratory tract. Eucabal is prescribed to children over one year of age for diseases such as rhinitis, laryngitis and bronchitis. In some cases, the balm is used for inhalation therapy. The cost of Eucabal is approximately 200 rubles.

Doctor Mom

A herbal medicine of combined action, it has an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antifungal effect. The active components of the ointment are menthol, thymol and nutmeg oil. Doctor Mom is widely used to eliminate coughs due to bronchitis and respiratory viral infections in children from 3 months of age. The price of the drug in pharmacies is from 130 rubles.

Turpentine

The drug is of plant origin, has a local irritant and antisyptic effect, dilates blood vessels. Among the active components is turpentine oil. Indications for the use of the drug are cough of various etiologies, arthralgia, chronic diseases of the respiratory system. The cost of the medicine is approximately 150 rubles. Turpentine cough ointment is not recommended for use in infants due to the high risk of developing the following side effects:

  • burning;
  • chemical burn;
  • allergic dermatitis;
  • irritation.

Vicks

A combined medication for external use, which has an anti-edematous and anti-inflammatory effect in diseases such as whooping cough, chronic bronchitis, acute pneumonia, bronchial asthma. The main active ingredients of Vicks ointment are levomenthol and camphor. The drug is prescribed to children over two years of age. The cost of the medicine is about 300 rubles.

"Doctor Mom"

This ointment for colds is used to smear children's noses as a preventive measure against ARVI. The product is made with essential oils of eucalyptus and nutmeg. The natural composition has a positive inhalation effect. One of the main components is thymol, which has an antiseptic and disinfecting effect.

"Doctor Mom" ​​is effective for children over 3 years old and adults. The peculiarity of the ointment is that it is applied only externally. The product is used to treat the sides of the nose, avoiding contact with the mucous membranes.

Homeopathic ointments

Sometimes traditional remedies are not suitable. Then homeopathic ointments may come in handy:

  1. Fleming's ointment. The medication is used in the treatment of rhinitis. Contains calendula, zinc, menthol. With these components, inflammation is eliminated, the mucous membranes are disinfected and dried. The product is effective in complex treatment, as well as in the form of an ointment for the prevention of ARVI. Can be used by children from 2 years old and adults.
  2. Ointment "Thuja". This is a monocomponent remedy used in the treatment of sinusitis, rhinitis and adenoids. It has a general strengthening effect and is used to prevent colds. Procedures cannot be performed under 18 years of age, during pregnancy and lactation.

When treating with homeopathic remedies, it is important to consider that in the first days there may be an exacerbation of the disease. But then there will still be an improvement. Side effects are similar to reactions to regular ointments. Itching, burning, and redness of the skin may appear.

Warming ointments

There are also effective warming ointments. For colds, they are used to rub the back, chest and lungs. The procedures make breathing easier, relieve coughs and runny nose.

Turpentine ointment includes turpentine oil, which is obtained by distilling oleoresin. The product is used for pain in the joints, but it also eliminates coughs due to colds and bronchitis. This is an inexpensive but effective drug. Burning and skin irritation are likely to occur. Turpentine ointment should not be applied to the area of ​​the heart, nipples, or if there are skin lesions or allergies.

Other warming agents include:

  • balm “Star”;
  • ointments with eucalyptus;
  • "Doctor Mom";
  • "Bom-Benge";
  • "Combiflu."

The listed products have a local antiseptic, warming, and diaphoretic effect. They increase blood circulation and improve expectorant function. They are not used at high temperatures.

How to use cough ointment for children

In some cases, ointment for rubbing when coughing can cause complications or aggravate the course of the disease. To prevent the negative effects of such drugs for topical use, the following recommendations exist:

  • Use such drugs strictly externally.
  • Apply a thin layer of the product to the skin of the child's chest, back and feet.
  • Do not use if your skin has irritation, rash, diaper rash or other damage.
  • Use the medication in the evening before bed.
  • Make sure that cough ointment for children under one year old does not contain camphor oil, because this substance can cause disruption of the cardiovascular system and allergic reactions.
  • When rubbing the ointment over the chest area, avoid the heart and nipple areas.
  • Do not rub if the child's body temperature is above 38°C.
  • After applying the drug to the skin, put cotton underwear on the child and wrap him in a blanket.
  • When using the medicine on the feet, put warm socks on your child's feet.
  • Do not use warming ointments for children with coughs longer than 7-8 days.

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Ointments for herpes

Colds often appear on the lips and wings of the nose. It also needs to be treated to eliminate discomfort. There are effective ointments for colds on the lips (herpes). These include:

  • "Acyclovir";
  • "Alpizarin";
  • "Zovirax";
  • "Gerpevir";
  • "Gossypol."

Cycloferon copes well with these inflammations. Before using any product, you must read the instructions, since all the rules for treatment and prevention are indicated there.

ethnoscience

In addition to pharmaceutical products, ointments prepared independently can be used. The following recipes are used to prevent colds:

  1. Mix with onion and garlic. Plants include phytoncides, which have antimicrobial effects. To create an ointment, add finely chopped onion and garlic to heated sunflower oil. The product must infuse, after which it is filtered. The nose is treated with the composition several times a day.
  2. Sea buckthorn contains many vitamins and has a general strengthening effect. Sea buckthorn and calendula oils are mixed in an amount of 3:2. Melted butter and honey (1 spoon each) are also added. The mixture has an excellent anti-inflammatory effect.

All of these remedies are effective and safe for treating colds. Their use allows you to get excellent results and improve your well-being.

Review of commonly prescribed drugs

For atopic dermatitis in children, doctors prescribe new generation hormonal drugs, which are available in the form of ointments, creams, emulsions, and lotions.

Let's look at them in more detail:

  • Lokoid. The drug contains hydrocortisone butyrate. It is believed that it is the same as hydrocortisone. There's no point in paying more for it. However, this is not quite true.

    Thanks to the butyric acid residue, the hormone fights inflammation better and penetrates the skin more effectively. This is a stronger drug, but it is approved for children. When it is broken down, hydrocortisone is formed (read about the use of hydrocortisone ointment in this article), which is quickly removed from the body with minimal risks, and butyric acid, which has no effect.

    The drug can be used for babies from six months old , applying it to any area, even to the face. The frequency of use is determined by a specialist. It can be from one to three times a day. In case of severe disease, it can be used for a long time, but not more than 30-60 grams (two tubes) per week, depending on age. Price - about 260 rubles.

  • Advantan. Easily and quickly able to penetrate the skin. The drug itself is inactive, but due to the influence of enzymes, its activity becomes 6 times higher than that of hydrocortisone. Even with a single use, it has maximum effect with minimal side effects.

    Can be used from four months, applied to any area of ​​the body and face. If the dermatitis is not severe, the product eliminates the negative symptoms in just one day. Apply once a day. Cost - from 500 rubles.

  • Afloderm. A local corticosteroid, but its effectiveness can be compared with strong drugs of this series. Due to the presence of chlorine molecules in the composition, the hormone quickly penetrates into the dermis to the site of inflammation. Does not cause skin atrophy even with prolonged use.

    It is recommended to use the drug when atopic dermatitis affects a large area of ​​skin. You can use it for children from six months on any area of ​​the skin no more than once a day. Price - about 300 rubles.

  • Elokom. An American drug that also has high activity and a low likelihood of adverse reactions. Effectively fights atopic dermatitis.

    0.1% ointment is used for children over two years of age. Apply no more than once a day. Costs about 80 rubles.

  • Celestoderm. An antibacterial hormonal drug with anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor effects. Contraindication: age younger than 6 months.

    It is used mainly when a secondary infection is added to the main disease. Can only be used for a short course. The drug can be purchased at a price of 230 rubles.

  • Fucicort. Glucocorticosteroid agent with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. Helps fight pathogenic microorganisms. Apply a thin layer. The duration of therapy is no more than two weeks.

    Contraindication: age under one year; the composition should not be applied to mucous membranes or open wounds. The cost is around 420 rubles and above.

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