Cold rhinitis symptoms and treatment in adults

What is the treatment

Most often, cold rhinitis is not a specific manifestation of frosty weather. It can also appear in the summer if a person washed dishes in cold water or even swam in an open body of water in cool weather. This is a pseudo-allergic condition to which skin receptors react. In the presence of excess cryoglobulin protein, a reaction is manifested aimed at protecting the body.

Since cold rhinitis is treated by an allergist, it is best to consult with him on the choice of medications. Thus, symptoms of rhinitis can be treated with both conventional drugs for a runny nose and special drugs, for example, aimed at relieving swelling, itching, and cold reactions.

Antihistamines are the main treatment for this problem. Since cold rhinitis is an allergic manifestation, the following remedies will help:

  • Tavegil.
  • Suprastin.
  • Loratadine.
  • Diphenhydramine.
  • Cetrin.
  • Zyrtec.

The last two drugs are modern antihistamines that do not cause drowsiness and can be used when driving. Eye drops, for example Albucid, can also be used to relieve symptoms.

Prevention measures

Some people ignore this disease because they believe that it cannot be cured anyway. But they don’t understand what complications can arise if they don’t fight it. Swelling of the throat, meningitis, sudden changes in pressure, changes in blood vessels, problems with the lungs and heart, and loss of consciousness may occur. A runny nose can develop into a chronic one, and it will become painful every day and everywhere.

The possibility of catching a cold or virus with a weakened immune system is very high. Therefore, it is necessary to develop preventive measures to avoid getting sick.

  • Stay in the cold for a short amount of time;
  • Try not to freeze;
  • Dress according to the weather, if it’s cold, then as warmly as possible, be sure to wear gloves on your hands and a hat on your head;
  • Always try to cover your nose with a scarf, reduce walks in low temperatures;
  • Start to harden the body so that it gradually no longer reacts to the cold;
  • Exercising will help strengthen your immune system.

If you do not take preventive measures, the prescribed treatment will not bring the desired results.

In order not to suffer from various allergies and rhinitis, it is necessary to increase immunity and exercise. If you still have a predisposition to this disease, you should always consult a doctor so that he can diagnose it and prescribe the necessary treatment. You always need to distinguish the symptoms of such a runny nose and be able to cope with it. Take care of your health.


Diagnosis of the disease

The symptoms of cold rhinitis are similar to the symptoms of viral rhinitis, which usually accompanies acute respiratory infections. Therefore, differential diagnosis of the disease is important for further treatment. The main point in making a diagnosis is the collection of anamnesis, clinical manifestations of the disease, laboratory diagnostics, tests for the presence of allergens. The totality of all studies makes it possible to diagnose cold rhinitis.

To diagnose the disease, a number of tests and procedures will be required. With cold rhinitis, the symptoms and features of the disease are taken into account fully. Laboratory tests and allergen tests are carried out. After this, the clinical picture of the disease is revealed, which helps to make the correct diagnosis.

If treatment was carried out due to an incorrect diagnosis, the patient will not experience relief, the symptoms do not disappear, and there is no positive dynamics. It is extremely important to establish the true cause of rhinitis in time, since complications from it are difficult to treat. In the future, bronchial asthma and disorders of the cardiovascular system occur.


Typically, cold rhinitis symptoms resemble a cold, but there is no fever. In addition, the skin may have quite clearly visible symptoms: a rash of a specific nature, itching. Often a runny nose bothers you on the street, or in a cold room, but there are no manifestations in a warm room.

Also appear:

  • presence of nasal congestion and mucus in copious amounts;
  • quite common symptoms: conjunctivitis and lacrimation in the cold;
  • dermatitis of the skin near the nose;
  • Swelling of the lips may occur.

Frequently disturbing factors include: chills and weakness, dizziness, low blood pressure, and arrhythmia may occur. If cold rhinitis is not treated on time, then over time signs of suffocation may appear, and it can develop into bronchial asthma.

Preventing cold allergies

Knowing the body’s tendency to develop allergies to cold, both children and adults should take preventive measures.

Here's what it suggests:

  • It's good to keep warm in the cold. When going outside, warm shoes, a hat, a scarf that covers the throat and part of the face, and mittens are required. It is better if the clothes are made from natural fabrics. It is important that the cold wind cannot blow under your clothes, into your sleeves, so that your ears are protected.
  • Lubricate the skin of your face and hands with protective cream. It should be oily, without moisturizing components. It is better to use it 20-30 minutes before going outside so that it has time to be absorbed. Lubricate lips with oily hygienic lipstick.
  • Drink hot tea before going outside. Or any warming drink, herbal decoction, sbiten with honey and spices. But alcohol, although it will create a warming effect, can worsen the situation.
  • Eat properly. The diet should be balanced and rich in nutrients. It is recommended to eat more foods containing omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Temper yourself. To avoid shock, do not immediately start pouring ice. It is worth starting the procedures in the summer and with small things - washing your face with cool water, rinsing your hands and feet, gradually increasing the duration, lowering the water temperature.
  • Strengthen immunity. There are a lot of herbal remedies for this, both folk and pharmaceutical.
  • Get rid of chronic diseases. All of them can weaken the immune system and disrupt metabolism.

Allergy to cold is a disease with which you can live safely without losing your quality of life. The main thing is to take care of yourself, maintain all body functions normally, and also take preventive measures in advance.


In addition to diet, at the first symptoms of an allergy to cold, treatment involves stopping the production of a protein - kroglobulin. This can be done with the help of antihistamines, which are taken throughout the cold season.

And the final stage of treatment is the removal of the symptoms themselves. What to drip into the nose to treat cold rhinitis? According to reviews, it all depends on the severity of the disease. For example, the doctor even prescribes eye drops if there is irritation, and nasal sprays to remove mucus and relieve swelling.

To treat cold rhinitis, in particular, such a symptom as a runny nose, vasoconstrictors and antimicrobial drugs cannot be used. They will cause even more harm; as a result, the nose will stop breathing even in a warm place, as the body will become accustomed to the drug.

For cold rhinitis, you can instill nasal drops that have anti-allergenic properties. To distinguish a common runny nose from an allergic one, its disappearance in a warm room and the recurrence of symptoms at lower temperatures will help. With improper therapy, complications arise - sinusitis, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis.

For allergic cold rhinitis, drug treatment also includes a throat spray that relieves inflammation and alleviates unpleasant symptoms. If the patient has dermatitis, it is recommended to use a moisturizer, as well as the anti-inflammatory agent Bepanten and the healing La-Cri.

Antihistamines prescribed for allergic rhinitis to cold include medications that block the corresponding body processes. The most popular and effective medications: Zitrek, Claritin, Cetrin, Suprastin, Allergodil, Tavegil.

Causes of allergies to cold

Allergy to cold occurs as a result of a failure of the body's defense systems and decreased immunity. This condition can be caused by disorders of the thyroid gland, metabolism, and some systemic diseases such as lupus erythematosus and blood cancer. And infectious, including measles, mycoplasma pneumonia, mumps, rubella, infectious mononucleosis.

In addition, some chronic diseases and conditions contribute to decreased immunity and disruptions in the body:

  • sinusitis,
  • cholecystitis,
  • long-term use of antibiotics,
  • tonsillitis,
  • sinusitis,
  • liver diseases,
  • kidney diseases,
  • pancreatic diseases,
  • dysbacteriosis,
  • endocrine system problems,
  • frequent colds,
  • oncology,
  • caries,
  • helminthic infestations.

Other debilitating diseases, nervous, mental and physical fatigue, and severe stress also lead to a general depletion of the body's defenses. Genetic predisposition plays a role.

New way of therapy

Treatment can also be carried out in a new way, which was introduced recently, but has already shown effectiveness in getting rid of cold rhinitis. The point is to treat the patient with lymphocytes, which are taken from his own body and processed with a special method. As a result, the treated cells are introduced into the patient's body, helping to reduce sensitivity to allergens. This procedure corrects the improper functioning of the human immune system.

On average, 90% of patients who completed this therapy were cured of rhinitis or experienced relief as symptoms became less noticeable.

The course of treatment lasts 4 weeks, patients are given 2 injections every 7 days. No side effects have been identified, therapy is allowed for children over 5 years of age. Contraindication is the period of bearing a child and breastfeeding. At the end of the course, the patient develops immunity of body cells to external allergens, including existing ones, and the blood is purified. Therefore, inflammation is reduced and its foci are eliminated, leading to noticeable relief.

The effect appears quickly, the procedure is easily tolerated by the body. In addition to its antiallergic effect, it improves immunity and reduces the risk of viral infections.

Treatment with folk remedies for cold rhinitis as an independent therapy can only alleviate the symptoms. And in combination with drug treatment, it promotes a speedy recovery. Folk methods include taking decoctions and infusions that reduce the body’s allergic reactions and strengthen its general condition:

  • Decoctions and infusions of chamomile, sage, fennel, rose hips, horsetail, and yarrow have proven themselves to be effective. You need to take herbal remedies 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals.
  • In the first three days of treatment, drink a decoction of fennel, followed by a decoction of St. John's wort. After 6 days, you need to drink a course of rosehip decoction for 10 days.
  • Yarrow has an effective anti-allergic effect. In order to get a decoction, you need to infuse 1 tablespoon of the dried plant for one hour, pouring 200 ml of water into it. To obtain a therapeutic result, take a quarter glass of the decoction, 3 times a day.
  • Horsetail infusion has the same effect. The course is 1 month, every day before breakfast you need to drink 1 glass of infusion.
  • You can instill a product based on aloe, celery and carrot juice into the nasal passage. Inhalations of eucalyptus and sage will help ease breathing and relieve irritation from the nasal mucosa.
  • Compotes from currants, cranberries, and rose hips will help boost immunity and saturate the body with vitamin C. To strengthen the immune system, you can drink a decoction of raspberry roots. You need to start taking it a couple of months before the onset of cold weather, and with constant use you can be cured of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
  • A bath with pine decoction also has a strengthening effect. The branches need to be soaked and boiled. Afterwards, the broth is filtered and poured into water.


Treatment of cold rhinitis according to the recommendations of otolaryngologists and immunologists begins with eliminating the cause of the disease. Adults and children need to wear a warm jacket and boots in cold weather, and wear a scarf that covers their nose and mouth in frosty weather. Such techniques warm the inhaled air, normalize mucus secretions and the functioning of epithelial villi. But timely treatment of chronic diseases is also required, which weaken the immune system and contribute to the addition of a viral or bacterial infection.

If you are allergic to dust and animal hair, wet clean the house twice a day. This procedure reduces the risk of developing allergic reactions, and the warm, humid air in the apartment does not cause cold rhinitis. You should avoid staying outside for long periods of time in frosty weather and periodically run indoors to warm up. Such techniques will help to avoid the unpleasant symptoms of a runny nose and reduce the effects of cold on the nasal mucosa and the body as a whole.

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