Features of treatment of throat allergies


It is worth noting that throat damage can be caused not only by allergies, but also by various infectious diseases.

Allergic reaction

is expressed by the fact that symptoms appear upon direct contact with the allergen or during the flowering period of plants, while during infection, tickling, coughing and other symptoms are present for a long time.

Also, in the presence of an allergic reaction, taking conventional anti-inflammatory and expectorant drugs does not give positive results.

Medical tests, including a general blood test and an immunoglobulin E test,

. If immunoglobulin and eosinophil levels are elevated, an allergy diagnosis is made, and specific allergens are determined using skin tests.


A sore throat can also appear when indoor air is dry! In this case, the best solution would be to purchase an air humidifier.

Causes of throat allergies

An allergy in the throat is a protective reaction of the body to the penetration of allergenic substances of various kinds into it. A severe form of an allergic reaction in the throat poses a great threat to the health and life of the patient. And if timely medical care is not provided, death is possible.

The main cause of an allergic reaction in the throat is allergens, which include antigens and substances that enhance their effect.

There are many irritants that cause an allergic inflammatory process in the throat, among which are:

  • medications;
  • Food;
  • dust and dust mites;
  • plant pollen;
  • vaccinations;
  • insect and some animal bites;
  • cosmetical tools;
  • smoke.

Sore throat
A sore throat is the first symptom of an allergy.

There are a number of factors that provoke the development of allergies in the throat:

  • hereditary predisposition;
  • frequent respiratory diseases;
  • bad ecology. For example, most often people living in urban areas suffer from throat allergies;
  • weak immunity;
  • poor nutrition;
  • frosty air.

There are many reasons for the development of throat allergies, but each person may have a different reaction to the same irritant. And yet, in most cases, the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs are the first to suffer from the irritant.

Benefits of taking lozenges

To treat individual intolerance, there are many drugs in various dosage forms.

: tablets, capsules, injections, sprays, syrups.

However, tablets have many advantages

Compared to other forms of medication:

  1. Accuracy of dosing of the active substance.
  2. Convenient storage and transportation.
  3. Prolonged action.
  4. Possibility of masking unpleasant taste due to coating.
  5. Long shelf life.
  6. Localization of action due to the introduction of components that are soluble only in a certain environment.

Among the lack

c One can note the difficulty of swallowing tablets in some patients, especially for children.

Sore throat due to allergies

The throat may hurt as a result of eating food that is too hot or cold. Children may experience an allergic reaction with different symptoms. The most common sign of an allergy is diarrhea or vomiting. Quite often, painful sensations in the throat are provoked by a loud discussion or colds.

An allergy occurs upon contact with a pathogen, which can be of the following type:

  1. pollen;
  2. cigarette or tobacco smoke;
  3. welding smoke;
  4. fire smoke;
  5. dust;
  6. animals;
  7. chemical substances;
  8. fungal infection.

The reaction has consequences and is expressed by the following features:

  1. inflammatory process;
  2. the surface of the mucous membrane swells;
  3. breathing process is difficult;
  4. inflammation of the mouth and eyes, so the main symptom that combines colds and allergies is a red throat.

With allergic diseases, symptoms appear periodically, while a cold is accompanied by constant symptoms, including cough, fatigue, sensation of foreign objects in the mouth, etc. If a person gets a cold quite often during the year, this indicates that he has an allergy. For an accurate diagnosis, consultation with a doctor is necessary.

Treatment: what to drink for a sore throat?

Let's look at the different groups of tablets. They are classified according to their mechanism of action and groups depending on the pathology.


When an allergen enters the body, there is an increased production of the hormone histamine,

which causes signs of an allergic reaction. Antihistamines block the release of histamine, thereby preventing and suppressing symptoms.

There are several generations of antihistamines,

which differ in effectiveness, contraindications and side effects.

1st generation - cheap tablets

These drugs appeared at the beginning of the 20th century,

but continue to be in demand.

They provide a quick but short-term effect and have a number of negative consequences, including sleeping pills and sedative effects, and decreased muscle tone.

Taking these medications for a long time is addictive

, therefore it is recommended to change the drug every 2-4 weeks. Tablets of this generation include:

  1. Suprastin
    - prescribed for the treatment of all types of allergic reactions. The drug has high biological activity and promotes rapid relief from signs of the disease. When used, drowsiness and lethargy are often observed.
  2. Diphenhydramine
    - this medicine is prescribed to treat a number of diseases, including allergies. It also has an antitussive and anesthetic effect, but at the same time depresses the central nervous system.

2nd generation

2nd generation drugs

I can reach
24 hours,
while they do not have a sedative effect, and are also not addictive.


Among the side effects, it is important to note cardiac arrhythmias of varying degrees, so when taking the drug it is important to monitor your pulse.

Elderly people and people with cardiovascular diseases should not use it.

  1. Claritin
    - prescribed for the treatment of allergic dermatitis, rhinitis, Quincke's edema. Side effects are rarely recorded.
  2. LauraHexal
    - the drug does not affect the central nervous system, does not cause drowsiness or addiction. Side effects include arrhythmia, dry mouth, and increased fatigue.

3 and new generation

3rd and new generation drugs

do not cause consequences such as drowsiness, fatigue or heart rhythm disturbances. They have high selectivity and long lasting effect.

This group includes:

  1. Erius
    - has a high degree of safety, therefore it is indicated for use even in children over one year old. Available in several dosage forms (tablets and syrup), can be used for a long period, and is well tolerated by the body. Overdose symptoms are not observed; side effects include headache and insomnia.
  2. Trexyl
    is a fast-acting tablet of selective action that does not depress the nervous and cardiovascular systems. It is used to eliminate symptoms of all types of allergies; with increasing dosage, reactions from the gastrointestinal tract may be observed.


Antiseptic drugs help remove bacteria and viruses from the mucous membrane of the throat.

They are recommended for use to accelerate the healing of the affected mucous membrane of the throat in case of an allergic reaction.

For this purpose, you can use tablets such as Indasol

. In this case, it is more convenient to use ointments and gels.

If you have allergies, it is not advisable to use

, because You can wash off allergens with a simple saline solution, and with excessive use of antiseptics there is always a risk of developing candidiasis.

Anti-inflammatory lozenges

Anti-inflammatory drugs for the throat have a superficial effect

and are not absorbed into the blood. Their main task is to eliminate microbes or relieve inflammation; such drugs often additionally contain anesthetic components.

For allergies, the following medications can be used:

  1. Laripront
    are lozenges with anti-inflammatory and mucolytic effects. Helps with dry cough and hoarseness. Can be used during pregnancy.
  2. Falimint
    is a drug with an antiseptic and slight anesthetic effect. Helps eliminate dry cough, dry mucous membranes.

Types of throat allergies

A sore throat may be a sign of an allergy. But which one exactly?

There are several diseases that are allergic in nature and affect the mucous membrane of the throat:

  • allergic pharyngitis. This is a common type of throat allergy. It is expressed in swelling of the throat, palate and tongue, mucus accumulates in the throat, sore throat, dry cough, hoarse voice, severe pain, and a lump in the throat. During swallowing, painful sensations occur, but there is no increase in body temperature. Allergic pharyngitis occurs in people living in urban areas due to unfavorable ecology;
  • allergic laryngitis. This disease manifests itself in severe swelling of the larynx, making it painful for a person to swallow. In this case, redness of the throat and hoarseness of the voice are noted, breathing becomes more and more difficult every day and attacks of suffocation may begin. The development of allergic laryngitis is caused by smoking, dust, insect bites, certain foods, hypothermia of the throat;
  • allergic tracheitis. This type of allergy in the throat has the same symptoms as allergic pharyngitis or laryngitis, but more serious symptoms appear, such as a feeling of severe scratching in the throat, unbearable itching of the throat mucosa and hoarseness of the voice;
  • Quincke's edema. This is a dangerous type of allergy because its development is sudden and rapid. The patient has difficulty breathing because the pharynx swells and air stops flowing into the respiratory tract. And all this ultimately leads to suffocation and death. When Quincke's edema occurs, the patient needs to be provided with urgent first aid, within just a few minutes;
  • allergic shock. A sore throat due to allergies sometimes leads to anaphylaxis, but this allergic reaction is quite rare and occurs in people with weak immune systems. The damage to the upper respiratory tract occurs instantly, and there is only a couple of minutes to provide first aid, otherwise the result will be fatal. Anaphylactic shock is characterized by sudden sharp pain in the sternum, a feeling of heat, convulsions and a sharp drop in blood pressure, which often leads to loss of consciousness.

When is it time to see a doctor and what to drink?

It is recommended to consult a doctor

when the first signs of a throat disease appear to clarify the diagnosis, as well as select drug therapy.

It is especially important to see a specialist if the symptoms of the disease do not go away for more than 2-3 days,

there is a strong cough, swelling of the mucous membranes.

Remember that any allergy pills have their contraindications, so they should be used only after consulting a doctor.

This is the only way you can be sure of the effectiveness and safety of the chosen treatment method!

Symptoms of the disease

Allergies in the throat develop in different forms, the initial symptoms of the disease can manifest themselves in the form of an allergic cough, sore throat, and then inflammatory processes begin that can affect the throat itself, tonsils, and trachea.

Depending on the greatest localization of inflammatory mediators in different parts of the oropharynx, the symptoms of the disease will appear.

It is customary to divide allergic changes in the throat into:

Allergic pharyngopathy.

This is the most likely scenario for the development of the disease. Allergens cause swelling of the mucous membranes of the throat, tongue and palate.

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Such changes lead to the sensation of a foreign object in the throat and to its redness.

Swelling negatively affects the condition of the vocal cords and a change in voice timbre occurs.

Allergic laryngitis.

You can suspect it by symptoms such as a sore throat that gets worse when swallowing.

With laryngitis, a feeling of suffocation quickly develops, which is especially difficult for young children.

With this type of allergy, the voice in the throat becomes hoarse.

Allergic tracheitis.

Its symptoms are similar to laryngitis. In addition to the main signs of the disease, the patient will also be bothered by an unbearable scratching in the throat, and the voice will become hoarse.

Allergy in the throat in severe cases is manifested by Quincke's edema. With this pathology, swelling quickly increases, this leads to a strong narrowing of the lumen of the throat and an attack of suffocation occurs.

In addition, you can pay attention to the increasing swelling of the face, lips, and rapid swelling of the eyelids.

Any allergic reaction in the throat can be accompanied by rhinorrhea, lacrimation, fatigue and weakness. Often these symptoms are accompanied by a headache.

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