Expectorant folk remedies for children: recipes for treatment

Why do infants experience bronchospasm?

The biggest problem of modern parents is that they try to attribute a disease to their child even when there is none. This is especially true when the first baby appears in the family. However, it is worth considering that very young children react to the environment differently than adults. Their respiratory system organs are still underdeveloped, so a cough can mean not only illness, but also natural physiological processes. Causes of bronchospasm:

  • severe crying;
  • too thin lumen of the respiratory tract (resolves with age);
  • very warm air (a cough most often appears for this reason when it’s summer outside);
  • indoor air is too dry;
  • pollution from tobacco smoke, exhaust gases, etc.;
  • problems with the digestive system;
  • allergy;
  • dysfunction of the heart muscle;
  • inflammation of the upper respiratory tract;
  • inflammation of the lower respiratory tract.

As you can see, inflammatory processes occupy only a small part of the list. Under no circumstances should you purchase mucolytics or expectorants at the pharmacy unless you have consulted a pediatrician and found out the exact cause of the cough.

A child may experience more harm than benefit from the wrong treatment.

Expectorants for wet coughs for children

With the development of infectious diseases, the volume and viscosity of sputum increases, and difficulties arise with its removal.

To restore the patient’s health, the doctor prescribes a treatment regimen that includes expectorants.

Viscous, viscous mucus settles in the bronchi, sticking together the flickering cilia of the respiratory tract. Therefore, conventional expectorants cannot cope with its removal. To thin the sputum, the doctor prescribes mucolytic drugs. They destroy protein compounds, due to which the secretion easily rises up the trachea and throat.

"Mukaltin." A product based on marshmallow root extract has a gentle effect on bronchial secretions and thins the structure of sputum.

In addition to the mucolytic effect, the medicine stimulates the regeneration of the mucous membrane of the throat and improves the functioning of flickering cilia. The maximum daily dose for an adult is 8 tablets.

Each dose should be taken with a large amount of liquid (200-300 ml).

"Bromhexine." The medicine is intended to liquefy and remove viscous sputum. It comes in the form of tablets and syrup and is prescribed for adults and children. Due to the ability to penetrate into amniotic fluid and breast milk, the drug is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation. Bromhexine is not recommended for people with gastric ulcers.

Inhalation of fine particles through a nebulizer mask allows expectorants to penetrate the bronchi, bypassing the digestive tract. If the procedure is performed correctly, after the session the patient easily coughs up a small amount of sputum, feels easier breathing, and a general improvement in well-being.

"Berodual." The medicine is a bottle of liquid for injection and a measuring cap. A single dosage for an adult is 20 drops. According to the instructions, the drug must be diluted in 4 ml of saline at room temperature, poured into the nebulizer tank, and breathe slowly and deeply through the mask until the drug has completely evaporated.

Alkaline mineral water filled into a nebulizer is an effective expectorant for the treatment of diseases of the lower respiratory tract.

"Ambrobene". An expectorant for inhalation is prepared in the form of a colorless liquid. Before use, dilute it with saline solution in a 1:1 ratio. During the session, breathe deeply and measuredly, holding your breath as you inhale. After the procedure, clear your throat and do not go outside for 1 hour.

Sputum is a favorable environment for the development of secondary infection. Therefore, after liquefaction, it must be removed from the respiratory tract. To do this, expectorants are prescribed that act on the cough centers of the brain, the gastric mucosa, and receptors in the throat and bronchi.

"Amtersol". After entering the stomach, the drug irritates its walls, causing mild vomiting. They cause spasms of the respiratory system and the desire to cough.

After removing sputum, an adult feels ease of breathing and a decrease in pain in the sternum. Taking such a medicine requires compliance with the exact dosage.

Otherwise, the patient suffers from nausea, vomiting, and intestinal disorders.

Codelac Broncho. The expectorant is available in the form of tablets and syrup. Sputum removal occurs due to the complex effects of the components. Thermopsis extract irritates the gastric mucosa, ambroxol stimulates the activity of flickering cilia, glycyrrhizic acid and baking soda thin bronchial mucus for better discharge.

Traditional medicine methods are often included in the complex treatment of respiratory diseases. They enhance the effect of pharmaceutical drugs and help to achieve a speedy recovery in an adult patient. The most effective expectorants include:

  • warm milk;
  • alkaline mineral water;
  • baking soda;
  • badger fat;
  • breast mixtures from medicinal plants.

To easily remove bronchial mucus, heat the milk until warm. Add a pinch of soda, a teaspoon of honey or melted butter to it. Drink the liquid in small sips, and then take a few deep breaths to enhance the expectorant effect.

Another good way to remove phlegm is chest drainage massage. The effectiveness of the method increases if, during rubbing, you lubricate the skin with fat (badger, goose, salmon).

In this case, the beneficial substances of the product penetrate into the tissues of the body and help fight the disease.

First aid for coughing before the doctor arrives is a warm drink.

The use of this type of drug is possible no later than 3 hours before bedtime, since excessive sputum secretion will interfere with sleep. Drugs in this group include:

  • mucaltin,
  • tussin,
  • acetylcysteine,
  • salbutamol
  • Doctor Mom,
  • ambrobene,
  • gedelix,
  • pertusin,
  • others.

Some of them recommend using it in the form of inhalations.

What is the treatment?

In fact, a child under one year old who has a wet cough with thick mucus needs to be provided with the most comfortable conditions for recovery, and not treated with medications. In order for the mucus to become more liquid and cleared well from the respiratory tract, the following measures must be taken:

  • frequently ventilate the room;
  • carry out wet cleaning several times a day;
  • humidify the air with a household humidifier or by hanging wet towels on radiators (during the heating season);
  • do not allow the air in the room to overheat, the optimal temperature is 18-20 ° C;
  • regularly wash the baby if he can already tolerate it normally;
  • provide the child with plenty of fluids and a fortified low-fat diet;
  • in the absence of elevated body temperature, regularly walk in the fresh air.

How to remove phlegm from the bronchi at home without antibiotics

Normally, a certain amount of secretion is always produced in the respiratory tract of a healthy person. This is a constant process aimed at cleansing them, preventing infection from entering them and renewing the cells of the inner lining of the bronchi.

Usually no significant problems with mucus removal are found. Difficulties arise when any disease develops.

In the presence of pathological conditions, sputum begins to be produced in very large quantities, stagnates in the bronchi, becomes too viscous and, as a result, is difficult to come out.

Its accumulation often attracts infection, often bronchitis, causes significant stagnation in the pulmonary circulation, and provokes pulmonary failure.

As a result, the patient develops severe discomfort or may even experience severe pain.

It is necessary to get rid of the accumulation of mucus in the bronchi. To do this, it is advisable to consult a doctor for advice. He will conduct fluorography, bronchoscopy, clinical and biochemical blood tests, ultrasound, histological and microscopic examination. These studies will help determine the reasons for the increased accumulation of secretions in your respiratory tract.

They may be:

  • Flu
  • ARVI
  • bronchitis
  • laryngitis
  • pharyngitis
  • pneumonia
  • bronchial asthma
  • malignant neoplasms in the lungs
  • tuberculosis
  • allergic reactions
  • heart failure
  • long-term smoking
  • fungal infection

With these diseases, inflammation of the respiratory tract occurs, swelling of the bronchi, changes in the structure of their mucous membrane, as a result of which a large amount of sputum begins to be produced. Sometimes there is too much of it and it causes a severe cough.

The secretion is divided into serous, mucous, purulent, interspersed with blood, glassy, ​​etc. Its color varies depending on the disease that has arisen.

There are a variety of ways to get rid of phlegm, often used for bronchitis. This must be done, since its accumulation significantly disrupts the functioning of the cardiovascular, pulmonary and circulatory systems. In addition, a large amount of sputum greatly irritates the mucous membrane.

It is especially important to promptly and promptly get rid of accumulated secretions if you hear wheezing, whistling, or feel pain in your chest. This indicates that the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract can no longer cope with its sharply increased volume, which also contains toxic substances and cell decay products.


It is necessary to combat the accumulation of sputum with the approval of the attending physician. He will examine the patient, collect a detailed history, and conduct laboratory and instrumental examinations. Once the diagnosis is clarified, it will be possible to act on the main cause of increased production and accumulation in the respiratory tract.

It is very important to distinguish between dry and wet cough. Measures to combat them will be different. A dry cough is an unfavorable symptom, since the mucus does not leave the respiratory tract. Therefore, the main method of treatment is to transfer it to wet, when the patient can independently excrete sputum from the body.

For this purpose, medications and traditional methods of treatment are used.

They act in two main ways, using:

  1. Mucolytics (help thin mucus, turning it into a semi-liquid state and allowing it to easily leave the respiratory tract)
  2. Expectorants (activate the muscular layer of the inner lining of the bronchi, helping to remove accumulated mucus)
  • bronchodilators;
  • anti-inflammatory substances;
  • antibiotics;
  • antiviral medications;
  • antihistamines, etc.

They allow you to completely dissolve the secretion in the respiratory tract, remove it out, and eliminate the causes of increased mucus formation in the bronchi.

These medicinal substances help the bronchi significantly expand their lumen, push mucus out, and also destroy the infection that provokes a relapse of the disease.

There are many home recipes on how to get rid of mucus in the lungs. A proven remedy in this case is honey and its derivative products.

In addition, they increase the body's defenses.

The best cough remedies with direct resorptive action

Medicines of this type are distinguished by the fact that they contain components that stimulate the secretion of fluid into mucus. Drugs entering the stomach are absorbed and act as an irritant on bronchial receptors. As a result, the amount of fluid increases, and the resulting sputum is diluted and easily removed from the body.


The herbal preparation helps to gently liquefy mucus and remove it from the lungs. Helps reduce swelling and coughing attacks, and also has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. All forms of the drug are easily tolerated by people regardless of age and rarely cause side effects. Bronchipret belongs to homeopathic medicines, since only herbal ingredients are used in its production. The main active ingredient is thyme extract, which is considered one of the most popular and sought after in folk medicine.

Average cost: 375 rubles.



  • efficiency;
  • ease of use;
  • plant composition;
  • gentle liquefaction of sputum;
  • efficiency.


  • bitter taste.


The drug of plant origin has an antispasmodic, expectorant and mucolytic effect. It is prescribed for use to improve the discharge of sputum in diseases of the respiratory system of various natures. It has a small list of contraindications and side effects. As a result, it is often used in pediatric therapy. In addition, this particular drug is often prescribed in the early stages of bronchitis. Contains ivy leaves, eucalyptus, anise and peppermint oils.

Average cost: 429 rubles.



  • removes mucus well;
  • plant composition;
  • proven effectiveness;
  • approved for the treatment of cough in childhood.


  • specific taste.

Codelac Broncho

The combined drug for the treatment of cough has an expectorant, mucolytic and anti-inflammatory effect. The medicine has a natural composition. The result is noticeable after the first days of use. Prescribed to people with diseases of the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by corresponding symptoms. First of all, the action of the medicine is aimed at thinning sputum and eliminating the inflammatory process.

Average cost: 178 rubles.

Codelac Broncho


  • pronounced anti-inflammatory effect;
  • efficiency;
  • quick results;
  • excellent mucolytic effect.


  • when combined with antitussives, the effectiveness is significantly reduced.

Medicines for wet coughs for children from five years old

Children from 5 years old can boast of better health. But this does not stop parents from thinking about which remedy to choose to overcome a cough. Children from 4-5 years old can be prescribed tablets. While it is difficult to get 3-year-old children to use them, older children can easily eat such drugs.

When coughing up sputum is difficult, you need to choose the following medications:

  1. Thermopsol - prescribed from 5 years of age, these are tablets. The course of treatment is 5-7 days, as prescribed by the pediatrician. The drug is also suitable for adults.
  2. Codelac Broncho with thyme - this remedy can be used if the child is over 10 years old. You need to take one pill a day, the course of therapy should not exceed four days. From the age of 5, the drug is prohibited, as severe complications may occur - suffocation, allergies or diarrhea, causing dehydration.
  3. The herb wild rosemary is a folk remedy that has been known since ancient times. The mixture should be brewed and drunk 3 times every day, there should be about 100 ml in a glass.
  4. Bronchicum S syrup - it can be drunk by children up to 2 years old, but it is better to start from the age of 3 years. The drug is considered powerful, especially when the recommendations of the treating pediatrician are followed.
  5. Bromhexine – has a mucolytic property and is an excellent sputum thinner. The drug should be given taking into account the patient's age.

It is best to start giving tablets and syrups from the age of three. First of all, any sick child needs to be provided with plenty of fluids. Recipes for softening drinks should be in every family where children's health is given special attention. For adults, such decoctions and juices will also be useful.

The best cough remedies for bronchitis

For patients with a productive cough and difficulty removing viscous sputum, mucolytic drugs are recommended for use. Taking such medications together with antitussives is prohibited.


The drug is a fairly strong expectorant. It is distinguished by the high activity of the active substance, which promotes the rupture of viscous bronchial mucus. As a result, severe cold cough, as well as inflammatory processes, are eliminated. According to patient reviews and doctors' opinions, Acetylcysteine ​​quickly and effectively copes with bronchitis, but it also has a number of side effects.

Average cost: 215 rubles.



  • efficiency;
  • reasonable cost;
  • ease of use.


  • many side effects and contraindications.


A bronchodilator, expectorant and mucolytic combined drug is considered one of the most popular and in demand. Most often, the drug is prescribed for coughs with poorly separated sputum. The composition includes bromhexine, which accelerates the process of mucus separation and facilitates its removal from the body. The composition of Ascoril is selected in such a way that all components perfectly complement each other and enhance the overall positive effect.

Average cost: 351 rubles.



  • efficiency;
  • pleasant taste;
  • availability;
  • quick achievement of results;
  • mucolytic and bronchodilator effects.


  • many contraindications and side effects.


A popular mucolytic and expectorant drug effectively thins mucus and facilitates its elimination. The main effect of the drug is aimed at increasing the secretion of the glands of the respiratory tract and enhancing the process of removing surfactant by the lungs. As a result of this effect, cough is reduced and an effective expectorant effect is provided.

Average cost: 55 rubles.



  • well tolerated;
  • practically does not cause adverse reactions;
  • protects the respiratory mucosa from infections;
  • Available in several dosage forms;
  • low cost.


  • not suitable for the treatment of cough during pregnancy and lactation.

Expectorant folk remedies

A productive cough is much easier to tolerate in adult patients, but for small children it can be quite dangerous. Excessive accumulation of mucus in the respiratory tract can cause respiratory failure and sudden death in children under 2 years of age, due to the development of the cough reflex.

Productive cough in the early stages can be cured using traditional methods, namely herbal medicine. In pharmacy chains you can purchase entire mixtures for removing sputum from productive and dry coughs. Known drugs are:

  • marshmallow roots;
  • ginger;
  • coltsfoot;
  • licorice roots;
  • thyme or peppermint;
  • thermopsis;
  • pharmaceutical camomile;
  • calendula and sage;
  • plantain.

Extracts of these herbs have an irritating effect on the mucous structures of the stomach and activate the work of the mucous glands in the bronchi. Sputum becomes more liquid and is easily removed from the body. A long-lasting cough must be diagnosed and the root cause of the disease treated.

Expectorants for wet coughs are prescribed to improve the removal of phlegm from the lungs and bronchi: Gedelix, Gerbion, Prospan, Doctor Theiss and many medicinal herbs.

How do expectorants work?

Expectorants are a group of drugs of herbal or synthetic origin that remove mucus from the respiratory tract. According to their mechanism of action, they are divided into 3 groups:

  1. Drugs that enhance the reflex response - increase the production and removal of mucus. The composition of such medicines usually includes herbal components: marshmallow, thermopsis, licorice, plantain, thyme.
  2. Direct resorptive agents - affect the mucous surface of the bronchi, enhance secretion. The composition may contain synthetic or natural components: sodium bicarbonate, potassium iodide, plant extracts.
  3. Combined drugs - have a complex effect on the bronchial mucosa, contain 2 or more active components to dilute and easily remove mucus.

The doctor decides which expectorant drug to choose for the child after making a final diagnosis. Any medicine should be selected in accordance with the age of the child and the characteristics of his body.

Expectorant syrups for children: features and methods of use

Cough in children occurs due to colds, flu, bronchitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis. Treatment for childhood cough depends on the cause and type of cough. As a rule, in these cases the child is treated with syrups.


There are a huge number of cough syrups for children: expensive and cheap, imported and domestic, combined and single preparations, effective and ineffective. Most of these medications have age restrictions and contraindications for use. Which expectorant cough syrups for children are the most popular and effective?

Cough often accompanies various respiratory diseases. In itself, this is just a symptom, a protective reaction by which the body clears the airways of sputum and microorganisms. For this reason, in some cases, cough is not treated, but only tried to make it more productive.

If a child coughs periodically during the day, and this does not cause him discomfort (no fever or deterioration in health), then the manifestation is considered within normal limits. But in other cases, you should pay attention to additional symptoms and choose the right cough syrup for children.

Causes of cough can be:

  • The presence of an inflammatory process in the body (any infections or allergies);
  • Irritation of the mucous membrane of the respiratory organs as a result of foreign bodies (small objects, dust, microparticles);
  • The state of excitation of the cough center in the absence of irritation of the respiratory tract (with nervous tension, fear, embarrassment);

As a result of inflammation of various etiologies, a child may develop a barking cough. To treat it, first of all, it is necessary to determine the type of cough: productive (wet, with sputum) or unproductive, dry.

So, what diseases in a child can be accompanied by a cough?

DiseaseCharacteristic symptoms
PharyngitisSoreness, pain, feeling of a “lump” in the throat.
LaryngitisDry, barking cough, sore throat, hoarse voice. Children are characterized by: narrowing of the larynx (croup), wheezing.
TracheitisDeep cough, severe sore throat.
BronchitisChesty, wet cough with sputum, with wheezing in the throat. Obstructive bronchitis is accompanied by painful coughing attacks. Against the background of a number of obstructive bronchitis, bronchial asthma can develop.
FluA dry, persistent barking cough develops against the background of the flu. Parainfluenza occurs with copious nasal discharge and without fever.
MeaslesInitially, a dry cough without sputum occurs, which then takes on a paroxysmal form, becomes rough, dry, and wheezing is heard.
Whooping coughDry, painful cough, leading to vomiting. During the inhalation stage, whistling sounds are heard.

By following the links in the table you will become familiar with the specifics of the course of diseases in children, as well as effective methods of treating them.

Most medicinal cough syrups are divided into 2 main groups: antitussives and expectorants. Drugs that help thin viscous mucus, increase its volume, and also improve the functioning of the mucous membranes of the respiratory system are called expectorants.

The mechanism of action of such drugs is to reduce the viscosity of sputum and evacuate it from the bronchi. By affecting the stomach, they enhance the work of the bronchi to produce liquid sputum. If the cough is not treated, phlegm will interfere with normal wakefulness and sleep and will get stuck in the bronchi.

For a wet, productive cough, it is advisable to use expectorants, which will help to completely get rid of accumulated sputum.

Syrup is the optimal remedy for treating cough in children. This dosage form has a number of advantages: the syrup is suitable for infants, convenient in dosage, and pleasant in taste. Children's cough syrups come in 3 types: expectorant, mucolytic, antitussive. But now they produce combination drugs with mucolytic and expectorant effects.

The purpose of these expectorants is to evacuate mucus from the respiratory system. These are the best wet cough medicines for children. They are effective for tracheitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Expectorant drugs can be divided into 2 groups.

  • Vegetable. These are preparations based on medicinal plants: thyme, oregano, licorice, marshmallow, plantain, ivy, pine buds, anise, coltsfoot, wild rosemary, elecampane, violet, thermopsis, istoda and others. Many herbal cough syrups are approved for use in children under 1 year of age. The most common side effects are allergic reactions to the plant component.
  • Combined. These preparations are based on various herbal extracts (thyme, anise, thermopsis, etc.) and chemicals (sodium bicarbonate, ammonium chloride, potassium bromide and others). Combination drugs are more often prescribed for cough in children over one year of age.

The effectiveness of herbal expectorant drugs increases significantly if synthetic mucolytics are added to them.

To choose the right expectorant, you need to evaluate:

  • Frequency of cough;
  • Type of cough (dry or wet);
  • Character (thin sputum or difficult to separate);
  • Amount of sputum.

Further choice is determined by the patient’s age, the presence of chronic diseases, and individual intolerance to the composition.

Children are recommended to choose syrups based on medicinal herbs. They are better tolerated and have fewer side effects. However, in case of severe disease, preference may be given to combination drugs. The age of the child must be taken into account, since many drugs are contraindicated for children under 2 years of age.

In pediatrics, a large number of expectorant syrups are used to treat cough. The most popular ones are listed below:

  • Bronchicum. The main active ingredient is thyme extract. The syrup has antimicrobial, bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory effects. Contraindicated for babies under 6 months.
  • Dr. Theis. The main component of the drug is plantain extract. The syrup has a mucolytic, anti-inflammatory effect. Contraindicated for children under 1 year of age.
  • Overslept. The medicine is based on an extract from ivy leaves. It has secretolytic, mucolytic, antispasmodic effects. Contraindicated for babies under 3 months.
  • Dr. MOM. Herbal preparation based on licorice, basil, ginger, aloe, turmeric, elecampane, menthol. Has anti-inflammatory, distracting properties. Contraindicated in children under 3 years of age.
  • Gedelix. The main component is ivy leaf extract. Allowed for use from infancy, but under strict medical supervision.
  • Lazolvan. Synthetic drug. Special components of the medicine regulate the composition of sputum, dilute it and improve its production. An effective, quick-acting remedy, well suited for children.
  • Ambrobene is one of the most frequently prescribed syrups, having expectorant and mucolytic properties. The active ingredient is ambroxol. The syrup contains liquid sorbitol, raspberry flavor, purified water, propylene glycol and saccharin.

Not a single highly effective and most expensive syrup with an expectorant effect will help if 2 important conditions for treatment are not met:

  • Cool, moist air;
  • Drinking regime.

Seemingly safe herbal preparations can provoke the formation of excess mucus, which will lead to a lingering cough. Despite the availability and popularity of cough expectorants for children, self-medication should not be done. This is fraught with various complications.

Expectorant syrups help a child get rid of a cough if taken correctly. Even the safest medications should be taken under the supervision of a doctor. This is especially true for young children.

Expectorants related to herbal remedies (for example, Gerbion), in addition to the main effect, have a number of other positive effects. They are quite safe and can be prescribed to children from 2 years of age. Contains no alcohol. These syrups are compatible with any antibiotics, but are contraindicated if you are allergic to the components of the composition and have diabetes.

The herbal medicine Gedelix from ivy extract should be given to children carefully. Even natural ingredients can harm the baby. The syrup contains menthol, which can cause laryngeal spasm.

But if the child does not have individual intolerance to the components, it is prescribed to adolescents from 10 years old 5 ml three times a day, children 4-10 years old - 2.5 ml 4 times a day. For patients under 4 years of age, syrup is given 3 times a day, 2.5 ml.

Children take sweet syrups with pleasure, but it should be remembered that their overdose can lead to dangerous consequences. So, syrups based on licorice root can cause vomiting. Children over 12 years old are given 1 teaspoon of the product three times a day, 2–12 years old - 0.5 teaspoon of syrup diluted with water.

Children like the aniseed sweet taste of Doctor Mom syrup. They perceive it as a treat. The product acts comprehensively. It is used as an expectorant, mucolytic and anti-inflammatory drug.

The medicine contains more than 10 different herbal components. It is a popular remedy for coughs. The drug is prescribed 3 times a day for children over 3 years of age at a dose of 0.5 teaspoon per dose, for children 6–14 years old the dose is increased to 0.5–1 teaspoon.


Diseases for which syrup is taken: lung disease (chronic and obstructive), chronic and acute bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchiectasis.

The syrup is prescribed to children under 2 years of age (except newborns and premature infants) 2.5 ml 2 times a day; from 2 to 5 years – 2.5 ml 3 times a day; from 5 to 12 years – 5 ml 2-3 times a day.

Bronchicum cough syrup is used for inflammatory diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract in the presence of a wet cough with difficult to separate viscous sputum. A contraindication to the use of Bronchicum syrup is individual intolerance to the components of the drug.

For adolescents over 12 years of age, Bronchicum syrup is prescribed 1 teaspoon 5-6 times a day. For children aged 6 to 12 years, the drug is prescribed 1/2 teaspoon 3-4 times a day. Children under 6 years of age are prescribed 1/4 teaspoon 2-3 times a day.

Mucus thinning drugs: how to get rid of phlegm in the bronchi

The doctor prescribes all antitussive drugs for children and adults in the presence of certain symptoms and characteristics of the disease. Therefore, you can look for an effective, cheap and good medicine for cough and bronchitis in a pharmacy only after establishing a diagnosis.

Preparations Althea

Such cough remedies for children and adults are indicated for acute and chronic respiratory ailments - bronchitis, obstructive bronchitis, tracheobronchitis, emphysema.

These are effective cough remedies if the patient experiences the formation of sputum that is difficult to separate and has a strong viscosity.

Medicines of this type provide active liquefaction of sputum. Mucolytic drugs that thin sputum and expectorate also eliminate the environment for the further development of pathogenic microbes. They act much faster and more intensely than folk remedies for thinning phlegm. But still, self-selection of such drugs is extremely undesirable. The pediatrician should tell you how to thin the child’s sputum and prescribe the best medications.


This component contains the drugs ACC, Fluimucil, Vicks active.

Medicines are produced in the form of syrup, tablets, granules, ampoules. Cost – from 150 rubles. Fluimucil costs from 200 rubles.

Bronchobos: an effective cough expectorant
Bronchobos: an effective cough expectorant

Mucolytic drug made on the basis of carbocysteine. It comes in capsules, so it is convenient to take at any time. The average course of treatment is about 10 days. Cough relief occurs from the first doses. Adults should drink Bronchobos 2 pieces 3 times a day. This dosage helps to quickly remove phlegm.

There are contraindications:

  • Gastrointestinal diseases
  • Age up to 15 years
  • Gestation
  • Lactation period

Advantages of this effective cough expectorant:

  • Quick effect
  • Mucus thinning effect
  • Stimulation of bronchosecretion
  • Affordable price

The downside is that there are many restrictions on use. You need to consult a doctor before starting treatment.

Libexin muco: an effective and quick remedy for phlegm when coughingLibexin Muco: an effective and fast remedy for cough sputum
The medicine Libexin Muco is made on the basis of carbocisteine. This is an effective and quick remedy for phlegm in coughs due to bronchitis in adults. Taken 3 times/day for 7-8 days. There may be adverse reactions from the gastrointestinal tract and skin. It is forbidden to take during pregnancy, diseases of the stomach and urinary system.


  • Pleasant taste
  • Fast action
  • Effective against productive cough
  • Use for various ENT diseases

Disadvantages: relatively high price, risk of unwanted symptoms.

Acetylcysteine: a good, quick and inexpensive remedy for a severe cough
Acetylcysteine: a good, quick and inexpensive remedy for a severe cough

Budget cough remedy. It has an expectorant and mucolytic effect. The course of therapy is 7 days. Active ingredient: Acetylcysteine.

Admission restrictions:

  • Age up to 14 years
  • Stomach diseases
  • Pregnancy
  • Breast-feeding

The advantages of this good, quick and inexpensive remedy for severe cough in adults:

  • Low price
  • Versatility
  • Acceleration of recovery from diseases of the respiratory system

Disadvantages - contraindications described in the instructions. Read more in the article at this link on our website.

Gerbion: the best remedy for a severe coughGerbion: the best remedy for a severe cough
Cough medicine in the form of a syrup with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, expectorant effects. Herbion thins sputum and can be prescribed from the first year of life. Taken 2 times/day for a week. This is the best remedy for severe cough in adults and children.


  • Plant based
  • Fast action
  • No side effects

The downside is the high price. For more information about the types of Gerbion syrups, read the article on our website. It also contains instructions and other useful information about this drug.

Bronchicum: the most effective remedy for phlegm when coughing
Bronchicum: the most effective remedy for phlegm when coughing

Bronchicum is available in lozenges. It is used for complex therapy of respiratory diseases, which are accompanied by active secretion of the bronchi with difficulty in secreting mucus. It is considered one of the most effective remedies for phlegm when coughing. Prescribed at the initial stage of bronchitis in adults. Reduces the frequency of coughing attacks. Course – 5 days, 3 lozenges every day.


  • Convenient form of administration
  • Application for children and adults
  • Minimum number of admission restrictions

Cons – will not help with complicated cough. If pneumonia has already begun, the doctor should prescribe another, more effective drug.

Bronchipret: the best and most effective expectorant for severe coughsBronchipret: the best and most effective expectorant for severe coughs.
Plant-based tablets with mucolytic and expectorant effects. Bronchipret is one of the best and most effective expectorants for severe coughs in adults. Excellent for thinning mucus and removing phlegm. Helps get rid of cough in 2 weeks. Can be used from 12 years of age.


  • Complex action
  • Presence of anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects
  • Few contraindications

Disadvantages - there is a possibility of allergies.

Berodual n: the most effective remedy for dry and wet cough
Berodual N: the most effective remedy for dry and wet cough

Aerosol with bronchodilator activity. Berodual N quickly eliminates bronchospasm. It is the most effective remedy for dry and wet cough in adults with bronchitis and other lung diseases. The effect occurs within 5 minutes. The medicine is taken 2 times a day, the duration of treatment is determined by the doctor.

Sputum expectorants


  • Fast onset of effect
  • Convenient release form
  • Optimal price
  • Can be used by children and pregnant women

Cons: Prescription only. The list of adverse reactions includes some quite severe ones.

Ascoril: the best remedy in tablets, syrup for wet cough
Ascoril: the best remedy in tablets, syrup for wet cough

A medicine for the treatment of bronchial pathologies, which are accompanied by the formation of thick mucus and viscous secretion. Ascoril contains several active ingredients - guaifenesin, salbutamol, bromhexine. The medicine has an immediate expectorant and mucolytic effect. It is also one of the best remedies in tablets and syrup for wet cough from phlegm in adults. Prescribed by doctors for bronchitis, pneumonia and other lung diseases. Take one tablet 3 times a day.


  • Decent price
  • Combined action
  • Fast and long lasting effect

Cons: by prescription, there are serious contraindications. Read more about this drug in the article on our website at this link. Here you will find instructions, as well as contraindications and learn about the side effects of the medicine.

Montelukast: the best remedy for a persistent wet cough
Montelukast: the best remedy for a persistent wet cough

Montelukast is the best combination medicine for a prolonged wet cough in adults and children, which is used for bronchitis and other serious diseases of the lungs and cardiovascular systems. Can be prescribed for 2 years.

Advantages of this tool:

  • Prolonged and immediate effect
  • Effective elimination of bronchospasm

Cons: Prescription and serious side effects, which include:

  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • Tachycardia
  • Depression, irritability
  • Itching, rash, urticaria and others

Also worth noting among the disadvantages is the high cost of the drug.

Fitolor-m: the best and effective remedy for dry coughFitolor-M: the best and effective remedy for dry cough
Fitolor-M lozenges are a drug that helps with dry cough. Quickly and effectively eliminates swelling and sore throat. Take every 2-3 hours until the symptom disappears. Can be used for a long period – up to 3 weeks.

Benefits of this best and effective remedy for dry cough in adults:

  • Plant based
  • Elimination of dry cough
  • No contraindications
  • This is one of the safest drugs

Disadvantages: it needs to be taken for a long time to be effective.

Doctor mom: the best remedy in syrup for severe wet and dry cough
Doctor MOM: the best remedy in syrup for severe wet and dry cough

Doctor MOM is a whole series of medications, which consists of ointments, lozenges, syrup and other forms. This is one of the best remedies for severe wet and dry coughs for children and adults.

The medicine has a minimum of side effects, since it is made from plant materials and has almost no contraindications. Prescribed for both children and adults. Read more about this drug in the article on our website at this link.

Effective, effective folk expectorants
Effective, effective folk expectorants

You can quickly cure and get rid of cough for adults and children at home using folk remedies. There are many different recipes made from herbs, vegetables, honey and other available remedies that will be effective, effective expectorants to treat phlegm, bronchitis, dry cough and other lung diseases.

Many recipes are described in detail on our website. Here are links to the most effective tools that will help quickly and effectively:

  • Calendula, Sage, Plantain, St. John's wort. From this article you will also learn about the causes of cough and how you can cure this unpleasant symptom using regular cabbage.
  • Folk recipes with onions for coughs, flu and colds.
  • Banana for cough: a recipe for a folk remedy.
  • Hyssop herb for cough. The article describes how to brew this herb and take it.
  • Ginger for cough: recipes.
  • Black, white, green radish for cough: recipe for making medicine.
  • Honey is great for coughs. You can drink tea with it or add it to other recipes. For more information on how to choose high-quality honey, read the article on our website.
  • Cocoa butter with honey: a cough recipe.
  • Bee bread for colds and coughs, to increase immunity: recipes.
  • Icelandic moss for coughs for children and adults.

Choose one of these recipes and treat your cough quickly and effectively.

Effective remedies for treating coughEffective remedies for treating coughs
If you cannot choose an effective remedy for treating coughs from the variety presented, then read reviews of medications for adults that help well and remove phlegm perfectly.

Olga, 32 years old

I recently suffered from bronchitis. Nothing helped, I tried several medications prescribed by the doctor. Then the doctor advised me to try Acetylcysteine. This powdered drug must be diluted in water. Easy to drink, has a light citrus taste. Improvements began after using the second sachet, that is, on the same day. In the morning I felt a good discharge of sputum. After 5 days there was no trace of bronchitis left.

The most inexpensive but effective drugs

Drugs for the production of mucous secretions should be prescribed by a general practitioner or pediatrician, taking into account multiple criteria. It is not necessary that cheap remedies for dry cough will be ineffective. It is important that the medicine matches the nature and type of cough.

The table shows safe but effective emergency medications if you cannot quickly see a doctor.

Name of the drug Efficiency and features Approximate cost in rubles.

Mucaltin tablets

A preparation based on marshmallow root and auxiliary components: sugar, calcium stearate, tartaric acid and sodium bicarbonate. Effective in the treatment of severe diseases: asthma, focal pneumonia, tuberculosis of the lungs (as a complex therapy). It has a pronounced secretolytic and anti-inflammatory effect. Average cost from 55 rubles for a standard of 20 tablets

Pectusin tablets

Expectorant for resorption with eucalyptus. Effective in the complex treatment of tonsillitis, nasopharyngitis, sore throat, bronchitis or tracheitis. Suitable for children from 6 years old. The average price in Russia is 35-40 rubles for a standard of 10 tablets.

Lollipops or Travisil syrup

The drug contains only plant extracts of black pepper, justice adatoda, basil leaves and seeds, ginger roots and many other plants. All forms of the drug have a low degree of absorption into the systemic circulation, so no serious adverse reactions have been identified. Allergic reactions to the components of the drug may occur. The drug thins mucus well and is safe for children and pregnant women. Lozenges relieve attacks of dry cough and reduce irritation by creating a kind of protective film on the mucous membranes. The average cost varies from 230 to 300 rubles.

Thermopsis or Thermopsol tablets

Thermopsis is a poisonous plant that, in low concentrations, has a pronounced expectorant, anthelmintic and ganglion-blocking effect. Thermopsis grass contains a large amount of tannins and alkaloids. The components of the tablet have an irritating effect on the mucous membranes of the throat, increasing the secretion of mucus. The drug removes even old phlegm. The cost of the drug is from 60 to 100 rubles for a standard of 20 tablets

Liquorice root

Licorice has a calming effect on the irritated mucous membrane of the throat, increases phlegm secretion, and is safe for treating children over 5 years old and adults. It is important to consider the presence of alcohol in the syrup. The average cost varies from 45 to 60 rubles

Herbal products

Herbal medicines are considered safer. These include expectorants for removing phlegm in children, some are approved for use during pregnancy. Among them:

  1. Gerbion
    . The syrup is made from medicinal ivy extract. It is used for productive and non-productive coughs; it facilitates the removal of sputum by first reducing its viscosity. The elixir Gedelix has a similar composition and effect.

    Herbion for colds

  2. Dr. Theis
    . Eliminates spasms, relieves cough, irritating the mucous membrane of the throat, strengthens and restores the body's protective properties, and relieves inflammatory processes. Can be used as an aid, including to prevent the progression of infection.

    Dr. Tice for throat

  3. Stoptussin
    . Available in the form of a syrup based on thyme, thyme and plantain. The drug has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect. Suitable for children over 1 year of age.

    Cough remedy

  4. Amtersol
    . Used to treat wet cough in adults and children over 3 years of age. The composition of the herb is based on thermopsis and licorice root extract. The advantage of the drug is its easy tolerability and almost complete absence of side effects.

    Amtersol in syrup

  5. Products based on marshmallow root
    . They are the best cheap analogues of synthetic medicines. One of the most popular is Mukaltin. The medicine enhances the activity of the ciliated epithelium, liquefies and removes tracheobronchial exudate.

    Mucaltin with marshmallow root

  6. Licorice root syrup
    . It is one of the most accessible means used as expectorants. It is used in pediatrics, as well as for the treatment of cough in adults. Removes mucus and nicotine from smokers, irritating the mucous membrane and causing reflex urges.

Licorice root syrup

Medicines based on herbal ingredients are considered safer for pregnant and lactating women, as well as children. But it is not recommended to use them without consulting a doctor or as substitutes for prescribed medications. This is due to the characteristics of the composition and effects of each medicine.

List of products for children over 2 years old

Cough syrup for children is an important, mandatory component of complex therapy for damage to the bronchial tree, because cough is the most common companion to this pathology.

Cough acts as a kind of protective mechanism, due to which the body and respiratory tract are freed from phlegm and microbes. Because of this, it is better not to treat a cough (up to a certain point). For faster healing, it needs to be made more productive.

A child’s cough does not always need to be treated. Periodic episodes of coughing that are not accompanied by discomfort and hyperthermia are considered normal. If there are signs of deterioration, you cannot do without expectorant syrup.

Before starting therapy, it is important to determine the cause of the disease. Cough is provoked by:

  • inflammatory changes in the body (infectious or allergic origin);
  • irritating effect on the mucous membranes of foreign bodies (small objects, dust, pollen, microparticles);
  • excessive stimulation of the cough center in the absence of irritation of the respiratory tract (with nervous tension, fear, embarrassment).

In inflammatory processes, the cough has a barking character. After the final diagnosis is made, the type of cough itself is determined for effective therapy. It happens:

  • productive or wet (when coughing, sputum is released in different quantities) - better treatable;
  • unproductive or dry - its therapy is a little more intense.

The use of cough syrup for children 1 year and older is a popular way to treat the disease. Thanks to the huge assortment, the family can choose the most suitable drug not only according to the price category, but also other characteristics.

Each medicine may differ in the number and composition of its components. Before using any of them, you need to make sure that the child does not have an allergic reaction to its components. The high-risk group includes children under two years of age. The number of approved medications for them is strictly limited.

To treat a child, there are medications in various forms of release. But parents more often choose wet cough syrup for their children. This medicine has the following advantages:

  • the product is easy to dose;
  • the child drinks it with pleasure;
  • This is a highly effective drug that is easily and quickly absorbed in the stomach.

If you have a dry, hacking cough, you need to defuse the mucus and improve its discharge. To do this, medications with an expectorant effect are prescribed, and then cough suppressants. Using plantain syrup, you can achieve quick relief from the disease. For wet coughs, expectorant medications are indicated.

The list of cough medications is divided by age. From 7 months you can prescribe Eucabal - this is a cough syrup for children under 1 year of age, which is a popular and effective remedy. It perfectly minimizes the manifestations of the inflammatory process in a short time. Therefore, with such therapy, healing occurs faster.

The use of Gedelix is ​​allowed from the first months of life. The medicine fights phlegm well, accelerating its discharge. The effect is enhanced by the antispasmodic effect of the medication on the bronchial muscles.

Syrup for dry cough is effective: from the first days, viscous sputum begins to come off easily. Gedelix is ​​a herbal cough syrup. Therefore, it has virtually no contraindications or side effects.

Prospan is an excellent herbal syrup for an unpleasant symptom. Used to combat dry and wet cough. Indicated for babies from birth. The drug is based on ivy extract, without adding preservatives or dyes. It has a pleasant fruity taste, so parents have no problems - kids drink it quickly.

Good folk expectorants. The best thing you can do at home

If the medicines sold in pharmacies do not suit you, it’s time to remember traditional medicine. There are proven recipes that our ancestors have used since time immemorial. We list the options that you should pay attention to first:

  1. Milk. This product has mucolytic, expectorant and emollient properties. If you mix milk with garlic, you can enhance the effect, but this medicine is contraindicated for nursing, pregnant women and small children. The right choice is warm milk with melted butter or honey.
  2. Black radish. After cutting the root vegetable, make a hole in one half and pour honey into it. Sugar and carrot juice will also work. The juice secreted by the radish, mixed with the above ingredients, will act as a medicine.
  3. Gargling. You can rinse with iodine, a mixture of salt and soda, beetroot-vinegar and honey juices. You will also find herbal decoctions based on calendula, eucalyptus and chamomile useful.
  4. Hot chocolate. You will have to cook 100 grams of chocolate with the addition of cocoa and fat (three tablespoons each), as well as butter (100 grams). The mixture cools, and the resulting consistency can be spread on sandwiches and eaten.
  5. Compresses. The most famous compress is made from boiled and grated potatoes. An alternative is radish juice with honey and mustard powder. The compress is applied to the chest and bandaged with a scarf.

Cough has long ceased to be a problem - pharmacies are overflowing with medicines that eliminate this ailment. When choosing, pay attention first of all to contraindications, dosage calculations and possible side effects. As for folk remedies, we recommend using them in combination with pharmaceutical drugs. And don’t forget to consult a doctor, because you can’t do without an accurate diagnosis. We hope that the best expectorants at home will help you cope with the disease as soon as possible.

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