Pus in the nose, symptoms and treatment

An unpleasant odor from the nose can indicate several insidious diseases, so this phenomenon should be taken seriously. In this situation, not only the patient himself, but also the people next to him feel an unpleasant odor, which causes discomfort to the person, causing a feeling of shame and embarrassment. The smell from the nose during sinusitis can be called not just uncomfortable, but also a dangerous phenomenon, since it often indicates the development of an inflammatory process in the human body. It is important to start an effective fight not just with this symptom, but with the main cause of its occurrence, and then such a problem can be solved quite quickly.

An unpleasant odor from the nose may indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in the nasopharynx

Causes of the phenomenon

First of all, you should remember that bad nose can come from many reasons. To understand the root cause, you need to make an appointment with an otolaryngologist. After conducting an appropriate examination, the specialist will determine the main cause of this phenomenon and prescribe the required treatment. Before this, it is not recommended to take any measures, because they can harm human health.

Only a professional otolaryngologist will be able to determine the exact cause of bad smell from the nose.

Here are some common causes of bad nose:

  • Problems with the upper respiratory tract arising from rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis. As a result of these diseases, purulent discharge appears, which has a pungent odor of pus.
  • A bacterial infection that causes a rotten odor.
  • Fetid runny nose or ozena. This disease is characterized by an atrophic process in the nose, due to which a viscous secretion with an unpleasant odor is released.

Important! The stench can be caused by serious damage to the liver or kidneys, joints and bones, and even disruption of the endocrine system. That is why you should immediately consult a specialist if you have such a symptom.

Bad nose can be caused by various reasons: sinusitis, bacterial infection, endocrine system disorder, etc.


Treatment for a putrid odor in the nose will depend on the cause that caused the unpleasant symptom. To make a correct diagnosis, various diagnostic procedures are most often required. Treatment for unpleasant odor from the nose includes the use of medications. However, for more effective treatment, it is advisable to adhere to an integrated approach, including the use of traditional medicine recipes.


If a putrid odor occurs from the nose, first of all you need to consult a doctor (generalist, pediatrician, otolaryngologist) who knows what to do in the presence of an unpleasant symptom. To make a correct diagnosis, a specialist must conduct an examination and analyze the medical history. Additional diagnostic procedures may also be required, such as:

rhinoscopy; endoscopy of the nasal cavity; X-ray examination of the sinuses; CT scan; bacterial culture of nasal secretions to determine the resistance of the infection to various antibiotics.

After the doctor analyzes the test results, he will be able to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment.

Drug therapy

If the cause of the disease is viral or bacterial infections, then treatment should be based on eliminating the cause of the disease. For viral infections, antiviral drugs such as Amizon, Groprinosin, Rimantadine are prescribed. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics (Azithromycin, Augmentin).

Vasoconstrictor drugs (Nazol, Evkazolin, Vibrocil) are also used to eliminate nasal congestion, swelling, and remove purulent secretions.

Important! When treating a runny nose accompanied by a putrid odor from the nose, the nasopharyngeal mucosa must not be allowed to dry out: it is necessary to monitor the humidity in the room (at least 50%), regularly carry out wet cleaning, and irrigate the nasal passages with saline solutions (Nosol, Aquamaris).

If the reason that nasal discharge stinks and has a putrid odor is due to abnormalities in the functioning of the nervous system or other neurological disorders, then you should contact a neurologist. A specialist will help determine the cause of the incorrect perception of odors and prescribe the necessary therapy.

Traditional methods of treatment

Supplementing drug treatment with alternative medicine methods will help to significantly speed up the recovery process and reduce the symptoms of the disease. They get rid of pus by inhalation and rinsing the nasal passages using antibacterial agents of natural origin.

Rinse the nasal cavity with saline solution (5 mg of table or sea salt per 200 ml of warm drinking water). Decoctions of medicinal herbs such as chamomile, sage, and eucalyptus are also used for washing. Steam inhalation over a decoction of bay leaves is an effective remedy for the treatment of sinusitis (fifteen medium leaves per glass of hot water). Inhalations should be carried out three times a day for ten minutes each.

What if sinusitis is to blame?

Next, we will consider the question of what to do if the cause of the unpleasant odor from the nose is sinusitis. What is the reason for this phenomenon? Is it worth sounding the alarm and worrying too much? What to do to get rid of the stench?

Sinusitis is a common disease in which inflammation of the maxillary sinuses occurs. The disease occurs due to the proliferation of infection inside the mucous membrane, which happens most often with a prolonged runny nose, an uncured cold, etc. At the same time, odor from the nose does not always appear; this phenomenon is often observed in chronic and purulent sinusitis.

An unpleasant odor from the nose often appears with chronic and purulent sinusitis.

In some cases, stench manifests itself in allergic sinusitis, when a favorable environment for the proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms is formed in the mouth. This stench may come and go, but it is always recommended to take the necessary measures to eliminate it and treat the underlying cause.

Why does this happen during sinusitis?

It is worth explaining in more detail why sinusitis is sometimes accompanied by an unpleasant odor from the nose. With this disease, the inflammatory process in the nasopharynx actively develops. Thus, mucus accumulates in the upper respiratory tract, which subsequently turns into pus.

The stench occurs due to the accumulation of pus in the maxillary sinuses

The stench can come not only from the nose, but also from the mouth, even if you follow good oral hygiene and take other measures to eliminate it. As long as the rotting process continues, problems with the nasopharynx will continue. In medicine, this phenomenon is known as halitosis, and it requires treatment.

Symptoms of purulent inflammation

It is worth noting that the acute phase does not develop immediately. Pus is a product of final decay, so a certain period of time is devoted to its formation, during which symptoms increase. Namely:

  • persistent increase in body temperature;
  • increasing weakness and headache;
  • the edges at the wound site begin to turn red, becoming swollen;
  • local shooting pain, prone to irradiation to neighboring anatomical areas (if the focus is located near the nerves).

As symptoms increase, pus comes out of the wound, the color of which depends on the pathogen. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is characterized by a classic yellow color, but anaerobes, such as tetanus, gas or dry gangrene, are brown with a specific odor.

What to do?

A bad smell during sinusitis is a rather unpleasant phenomenon that can cause discomfort to the patient and the people around him. It is not surprising that people faced with this problem want to quickly solve it in the most effective ways.

Odor from the nose is an unpleasant phenomenon that causes a lot of trouble to a person who is faced with such a problem.

It should be remembered that the unpleasant odor will not disappear if you use the following methods:

  1. High-quality toothpastes and gels that remove plaque on teeth.
  2. Special toothbrushes that remove food debris from the most difficult to reach places.
  3. Rinsing your mouth with unique rinses.
  4. Foods that reduce unpleasant odors, such as carrots, apples, spinach, etc.

All these methods are effective if the cause of the stench is poor diet and insufficient oral care. If sinusitis is to blame, then the problem cannot be solved in similar ways.

No hygiene products will help get rid of bad smell from the nose; full treatment of sinusitis is required
. First of all, full treatment of sinusitis and prevention of the inflammatory process is required, and only then can we talk about eliminating the symptoms of the disease. If the stench still remains after getting rid of sinusitis, you should definitely consult a doctor; perhaps the cause is some other disease.

Purulent labyrinthitis


The purulent form of internal otitis is a consequence of the serous form, which, in turn, occurs as a complication of the inflammatory process in the middle ear.

The membrane of the oval window, separating the middle and inner sections of the ear system, due to the pressure exerted on it by pus from the tympanic cavity and serous inflammation from the labyrinthine cavity, becomes thinner and eventually loses its integrity, allowing the purulent substance to infect the labyrinthine area.


A labyrinth is not exactly an ear in the ordinary sense. It consists of two parts. In one, associated with the oval window, the resulting sound vibration is transformed into a nerve signal. The second part, the vestibular part, receives and transmits information to the brain about the position of the body in space and the direction of movement.

The functions of the labyrinth are important. This makes the symptoms of its purulent inflammation pronounced and severe:

  • Involuntary jerky eye movements
  • Intense pain that extends to the entire side of the head with the affected ear
  • Heat
  • Total hearing loss
  • Noise, sound distortion
  • Dizziness, nausea, vomiting
  • Inability to perform coordinated movements
  • Loss of balance


Drug treatment involves the use of the following drugs:

  • Antibiotics (Amoxicillin, Erythromycin, etc.),
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac, Dicloran, etc.),
  • Drugs that stabilize vestibular function (Betagistin, Bellataminal, etc.),
  • Painkillers.

In especially severe cases, when the microbial environment extends beyond the labyrinth, infiltrates into the bone tissue and threatens the brain, an operation is performed to sanitize the damaged cavities.

The prognosis for treatment of purulent labyrinthitis is always negative. In most cases, there is complete hearing loss in the affected ear. The function of the vestibular analyzer is redistributed between the second labyrinth, the visual analyzer and tactile sensitivity.

How to get rid of smell from the nose?

What should be done to permanently get rid of the smell of pus in the nose with sinusitis? You can use the following methods of treating the disease, but only after consulting a qualified otolaryngologist:

  • Rinsing the nasal passages and rinsing the nose. This procedure can be carried out using Furacilin - this is an excellent antimicrobial agent that destroys the infection and prevents its reproduction. In addition, there are other reliable remedies - Dolphin, Aqua Maris, iodine solution, which have a wide spectrum of action.

Furacilin is an excellent antimicrobial agent for rinsing and washing the nasal passages

  • Antiseptics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Chlorhexidine, Miramistin and Dioxidin are in particular demand. All of them are used for bacterial sinusitis, they fight well against dangerous microorganisms, and help eliminate unpleasant odors.
  • Moisturizing and vasoconstrictor drops. These include Rinolux, Aqualor, Naphthyzin, Galazolin, etc.
  • Immunomodulators. Such drugs normalize the functioning of the human immune system, which allows the body to independently cope with bacteria and microbes that have penetrated inside. The result of such an effective fight is the elimination of all symptoms of the disease, including stench from the nose and mouth.
  • Homeopathic medicines. For example, GeloMyrtol helps to get rid of acute sinusitis in the shortest possible time. Thus, the medicine prevents the disease at an early stage of its development, preventing various complications.

GeloMyrtol helps get rid of sinusitis and its symptoms in the shortest possible time

If conservative therapy is unsuccessful, surgical intervention is prescribed in the form of a puncture of the inflamed sinus to remove the accumulated pus.


An unpleasant odor from the nose and purulent discharge are dangerous for the patient. In addition to discomfort and acute symptoms, purulent formations can spread to nearby tissues and provoke a more complex process of inflammation. In addition, purulent accumulations reduce the patient's immune system.

For prevention, it is necessary to treat all colds and viral inflammations, including common rhinitis, in a timely manner. Do not violate the course of treatment and take all medications in the indicated dosage.

It is important to follow a daily routine, watch your diet and exercise. Also, take your vitamins.

An unpleasant smell from the nose brings a lot of inconvenience not only to the person who is faced with such a problem, but also to those around him. Its appearance indicates the presence of a disease in the body, so such manifestations cannot be ignored. Malodor occurs when the immune system stops fighting the effects of numerous microorganisms, which immediately begin to multiply rapidly. As a result, the mucous membrane of the sinuses and bone tissue becomes inflamed, pus appears in the nose, which is the cause of the terrible smell.

It is unpleasant when a foreign smell appears in the nose

Sometimes the patient has a disorder of smell; only he himself feels the heavy aroma. Odor from the nose may appear after the formation of dry crusts in the nasal passages, as well as during infectious diseases of a bacterial nature.

Doctors identify several types of unpleasant symptoms. The patient can smell:

pus – is felt constantly, usually occurs during infections; burning – felt periodically; rot - depends on various factors, therefore it is stable or episodic in nature.

The foul aroma is not always constant; in some cases it disappears periodically and appears at a certain time of the day.

Important! To clarify the cause of the disease and prescribe the correct treatment, you must consult an ENT doctor.

Causes of the disease

Doctors identify the main causes of unpleasant odor from the nose:

nasopharyngeal diseases; diseases in which the smell of rotten meat from the nose is the main sign of recognition of the disease; foreign body in the nasal passage - often found in children; diseases of organs and systems - possibly with diabetes mellitus, endocrine disorders, renal failure; acute and chronic rhinitis, sinusitis - during inflammation, pus collects in the nasal and maxillary sinuses, so there is an unpleasant odor from the nasal passages; allergy; Bacterial infections are the most common culprit behind the smell of pus in the nose.

You will definitely feel discomfort in the intranasal cavity - pay attention to this

With diseases of the upper respiratory tract, the patient may experience a disorder of smell - parosmia. The disease is characterized by the fact that the patient feels a heavy aroma of rot and acetone. Symptoms of parosmia appear with sinusitis, influenza, traumatic brain injury, and mental disorders. The main causes of odor in the nose and damage to the olfactory functions are caused by infectious diseases of the nasal sinuses during winter. In the initial stages, the disease affects the mucous membrane of the hymen, and later bone and cartilaginous tissue. Unfortunately, the exact causes of bad nose and the occurrence of this disease have not yet been identified. However, doctors name the factors that lead to ozen:

Underdevelopment of the paranasal and frontal sinuses. Excessively wide nasal passages. Heredity - atrophic rhinitis in one of the parents can cause the development of the disease in the child. Degeneration of the nasal mucosa.

There are other reasons for the smell of acetone in the nose:

strong physical activity, especially with poor nutrition. In this case, the release of ammonia occurs due to the breakdown of fatty deposits; unfavorable environmental conditions, including poor living conditions, non-compliance with sanitary rules.

An unpleasant smell from the nose in a child, as a rule, occurs at the age of 7-8 years, more often in girls. There is constant nasal congestion and purulent discharge. Children complain of headaches, fatigue, decreased tone, and drowsiness. The symptoms are similar to a common runny nose, so parents begin to intensively treat it, which leads to complications of the disease.

Important! At an advanced stage of the disease, inflammation can spread to the larynx.

In adolescence, there is usually no purulent discharge, but dry formations appear in the form of crusts that cover the mucous membrane and cause an odor from the child’s nose. The causes of pus in the nasopharynx are caused by various factors, so you should definitely visit a doctor to establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment.

During the examination, the patient is prescribed:

CT scan of the nasal cavities; endoscopic examination of the nasopharynx; bacterial culture from the nasal mucosa

With the help of technology and experience, the doctor can easily diagnose the disease

Treatment methods: drug therapy and more

After the examination, the patient is recommended to undergo conservative or surgical treatment of unpleasant odor in the nose.

Conservative therapy is aimed at fighting infection and eliminating dry crusts.

Drug treatment includes:

rinsing the nasal passages with hydrogen peroxide solutions and physical agents; taking antibiotics; laying turundles with a proteolytic effect; prescription of streptomycin, xanthinol nicotinate; physiotherapy: electrophoresis, UHF, diathermy (heating the nasal mucosa with electric current).

If the causes of unpleasant odor in the nose lie in systemic diseases, first of all, treatment is aimed at eliminating the underlying disease.


With an advanced form of the disease, in most cases, it is impossible to do without surgical intervention. Surgery is also necessary in cases where the unpleasant symptom is caused by a displacement of the nasal septum.

Traditional treatment

Alternative medicine offers its own methods of treating foul odor from the nose. It should be remembered that folk remedies are only an addition to the main method of therapy.

Herbal mixture of wormwood, sage and mint. Steam 5 tbsp in 1 liter of boiling water. l. crushed herbs, infuse in a thermal container for about two hours. The finished mixture is taken 200 ml 3 times a day. Bulb onions. Grind a medium-sized head on a fine grater, add ¼ tbsp to the mixture. boiled water and ½ des. l. honey Leave the mixture to infuse for 30 minutes, filter. Instill the resulting liquid into the nasal passages: 2-3 drops 5-6 rubles/day. Rinse the nose with an extract of aloe with water, a solution with sea salt.

If you experience an unpleasant odor from your nose, you should immediately consult a doctor to determine the exact cause of the symptom. Otherwise, it can lead to serious consequences.

Traditional methods

It is known that the stench of sinusitis often occurs due to drying of the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth. To avoid this phenomenon, you should pay attention to the following folk remedies:

  1. Mint decoction. Dry leaves are poured with hot water, taken 2-3 times a day.
  2. Basil leaves, which can be added to salads or chewed fresh.
  3. Rinsing the mouth with a decoction of chamomile or calendula.

A decoction of mint prevents the nasal mucosa from drying out, which prevents the appearance of an unpleasant odor.
If you are faced with such a phenomenon as a terrible, disgusting smell from the nose due to sinusitis, do not despair, but immediately begin treating the disease, and then the problem will resolve itself in the near future. Lack of therapy will only worsen the situation and lead to undesirable consequences.

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