Inhalations for colds at home

Basic recommendations for carrying out manipulation

  1. Carry out inhalations as a treatment only after consultation with a therapist.
  2. Do not use inhalations that do not affect the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract (the use of Eufilin, Diphenhydramine, Papaverine is not recommended).
  3. Do not use herbal decoctions and their infusions, suspensions and syrups as solutions for inhalation, because particles of these substances clog the nebulizer mechanism, which leads to its damage.
  4. Do not use concentrated oil solutions for inhalation (this may lead to the formation of oil pneumonia or hypersensitivity reactions).
  5. It is necessary to adhere to the duration of inhalation therapy, according to the indications for use of the active substance.
  6. In the case of simultaneous use of several drugs, it is necessary to observe the order of use.
  7. The prepared solution for inhalation must be used within 24 hours. It must be stored in the refrigerator, but before use, heat it to a temperature of 25-30ºC.
  8. Solutions for inhalation are prepared using sodium chloride as a solvent.
  9. To influence the area of ​​the trachea and bronchi of the lungs, it is necessary to use a nozzle in the form of a mushtuk. In this case, breathe through the mouth. Breathing is smooth and deep.
  10. To treat the middle region of the respiratory tract, drugs are inhaled through the mouth using a mask. During this, you must try to breathe calmly.
  11. If it is necessary to influence the nose, sinuses and nasopharynx, you need to breathe calmly through the nose (using a mask).
  12. One hour before and one hour after the manipulation, it is forbidden to eat food or do physical exercise. For 60 minutes after inhalation, you must avoid talking and not go outside.
  13. Inhalation is not interrupted. It is not recommended to speak during the manipulation period.
  14. During the therapeutic period, smoking and drinking alcohol should be avoided.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

What inhalations to do

One of the most famous methods of treating sinusitis is ENT cuckoo. Now, when treating sinusitis, the doctor can prescribe both steam and aerosol procedures to the patient. Steam inhalations remain the simplest and most accessible. You don’t need to buy a special device for them, because they are done using ordinary kitchen utensils. An excellent option would be a kettle or saucepan. If you have the money, you can buy special steam inhalers at the pharmacy today.

But then the procedure will have some disadvantages:

  1. When inhaling hot air, the patient experiences some discomfort.
  2. There is an increased risk of getting a burn to the nasal mucosa.
  3. The method should not be used at elevated temperatures due to sinusitis.

Therapeutic manipulations for sinusitis using a nebulizer are considered the most preferable, since they have a minimum of contraindications and are safer.

Using a nebulizer, the drug is sprayed uniformly and easily affects the respiratory tract. Thus, the patient does not feel any discomfort. Such manipulations should be carried out only after high-quality cleaning of the nose has been performed. Do inhalations 2 times a day, and the duration will be 15 minutes. The general course of therapy will be 14 days.

It will be interesting for everyone to know what prevention of sinusitis exists and how to adhere to it.

Features of inhalations for children

When carrying out the inhalation procedure for children, it is important to adhere to the following rules:

  • The water temperature for inhalation should not exceed 40 °C; Before letting your child breathe in the steam, it is better to try to inhale the steam yourself.
  • The best composition for children's inhalations are collections of medicinal plants, as they have a milder effect.

Proper implementation of the inhalation procedure will help to cope with a runny nose in the shortest possible time and prevent the development of complications.

Text: Zoya Andreeva

Inhalations for colds are one of the most popular means of treating symptoms such as runny nose and cough. And breathing is useful not only over jacket potatoes! In fact, there are many recipes for cold inhalations - we offer 4 of the simplest and most effective.

How to breathe through a nebulizer when you have a runny nose?

Sinupret solution is an excellent remedy for a runny nose, including those caused by any type of sinusitis. This homeopathic remedy is rich in composition and promotes:

  • restoration of natural mechanisms of protection of the mucous membrane;
  • elimination of edema;
  • improving the outflow of mucus from the paranasal sinuses.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

  • for children from 2 to 6 years old – 1:3;
  • for children from 6 to 16 years old – 1:2;
  • for teenagers and adults – 1:1.

The vasoconstrictor Naphthyzin 0.05% will help get rid of nasal congestion. Take 5 ml of saline solution per milliliter of pharmaceutical preparation.

To combat rhinitis, you can use eucalyptus oil (14 drops added to 200 g of saline solution).

Treatment of bacterial infections, indicated by green snot, is carried out with chlorophyllipt alcohol. It is diluted in a ratio of 1:10. Inhalations with Miramistin will also be effective.

Doctors often recommend supplementing therapy with antiviral drugs, for example, Derinat or regular interferon, which can be inhaled even for infants. Derinat is poured into the nebulizer chamber in its pure form, and powdered interferon is diluted with the solvent supplied with it.

For sinusitis

In case of an inflammatory process in the maxillary sinuses, the above remedies for a runny nose can be used, but the therapy will necessarily be supplemented by taking antibiotics, corticosteroids or other drugs prescribed by an otolaryngologist.

For pharyngitis

For an inflammatory process in the throat, you can treat:

Tonsilgon N. This is a homeopathic drug, and the only one that can be used for the throat of children under one year of age. The dosage required for infants is achieved by dissolving 1 ml of Tonsilgon N in 3 ml of saline; for children from 1 to 7 years old it is enough to take 2 ml of solvent, and for older patients - 1 ml. Malavit. It is not a medicine and is a dietary supplement. It contains plant extracts and minerals. For a sore throat, it is recommended to combine Malavit with saline solution in a ratio of 1:30. Eucalyptus tincture. 10–15 drops are injected into 200 ml of saline solution. For one procedure, use 3 ml of the mixture. But it cannot be used for bronchial asthma and bronchospasm. Rotokan. Its components are alcohol tinctures of chamomile, calendula, and yarrow extracts. To prepare the inhalation mixture, dilute 1 ml of Rotocan in 40 ml of saline solution. Alcohol tincture of calendula extract. The calendula solution should be prepared in the same way as Rotocan.

For laryngitis

If the inflammation affects not only the throat, but also the larynx, the same medications should be used as for pharyngitis. You can also use Fluimucil, especially if the cough is already starting to turn into wet.

For sore throat

Sore throat caused by bacteria must be treated with antiseptics and, in severe cases, antibiotics. The first ones to choose are:

  • Chlorophyllipt;
  • Miramistin;
  • Dioxidine (dissolved in a ratio of 1:4);
  • Furacilin (not diluted);
  • Tonsilgon N.

Antibiotics are used exclusively as prescribed by a doctor.

Inhalations at the first signs of a cold

As soon as you feel the first symptoms of a cold in yourself or your child, attack the disease with inhalations.

  1. Let's start with a simple solution that has a moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect. To prepare the product, take a spoonful of salt and baking soda and dissolve it in a glass of boiling water. You should pour the solution into a wide container and wait for 5 minutes, then cover with a towel and breathe in the steam for 10-20 minutes. This procedure is suitable for both children and adults.
  2. Inhalation with onion or garlic. It is necessary to grate the vegetable and squeeze out the juice, which is diluted with boiling water 1:10. Having covered yourself, you should breathe in the emanating vapors for 10-15 minutes. This method of treatment is suitable only for adults. A similar remedy can be used to treat colds in children, but then the dosage will change (3 drops of pure juice per 1 tsp of water), inhalation is carried out only using a nebulizer.
  3. Furacilin. Being a strong antiseptic, the product actively destroys pathogenic flora on the mucous membranes after the first use. Successfully treats symptoms of cold sore throat. For inhalers, ready-made nebulas with a solution are sold, but you can prepare it yourself. Buy tablets, one should be crushed and dissolved in 1/2 tbsp. hot water. To ensure that no solid particles remain, strain the liquid through cheesecloth. It is advisable to make a fresh solution before each use.
  4. Honey is a valuable product in the fight against colds. To do inhalations, prepare a honey potion: in half a glass of water with a temperature of up to 40°, chop 1 tsp until smooth. honey. Fill the inhaler to the 5 ml mark and breathe for 10 minutes.
  5. Herbal decoctions that are suitable for nebulizers and steam inhalations “the old fashioned way.” For colds, plants such as eucalyptus, chamomile, sage, mint, oak and birch leaves, pine buds, coltsfoot, linden blossom, etc. are used.

Important! It is important to combine inhalation at the first stages of a cold with bed rest and drinking plenty of fluids, otherwise the expected result will not be achieved.

Action of inhalation

Inhalations are the most gentle and highly effective way to get rid of all types of cough. In addition, as a result of just a few procedures, a cold runny nose goes away, since the medicine is absorbed very quickly. Inhalations are allowed for almost everyone (we will talk about some cases of contraindications at the end of the article). Medicines inhaled through the nasopharynx bypass the main bloodstream and do not enter the digestive tract, so they do not weaken the immune system or damage the liver, kidneys and stomach.

In medical institutions, in physiotherapy rooms, inhalations are carried out using special stationary inhalers-nibulizers. Currently, such devices are sold in pharmacies and medical equipment stores. The choice is very large. This can be seen from the photographs presented in our article.

For home needs, in case of colds or acute respiratory viral infections, you can purchase a portable nebulizer. Reviews from those who have purchased such a device for their home medicine cabinet say that it greatly facilitates the treatment process. The instructions accompanying the device contain information on how to do inhalations in a nebulizer when coughing, which solutions are best to use in a particular case.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

Solutions for inhalation for sinusitis

Inhalations for sinusitis with a nebulizer are carried out with the addition of the following groups of medications:

  • Immunostimulants. Strengthen the immune system, increase the body's resistance to various infections.
  • Vasoconstrictors. They relieve swelling from the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, making them freely passable.
  • Alkaline solutions. They thin out the inflammatory exudate, ensuring its evacuation from the sinuses, and reduce tissue irritation.
  • Antiseptics and antibiotics. They destroy pathogenic microorganisms, thereby stopping the inflammatory process.
  • Mucolytics. They thin the mucus, making it easier to come out of the maxillary sinuses.
  • Anti-inflammatory. Strengthen metabolic processes and promote rapid healing.
  • Hormonal. They remove swelling and spasm from the tissues, ensuring free passage of the organ.
  • Saline solutions. They thin the exudate, moisturize the mucous membrane, and have wound healing properties.
  • Combined. They include several groups whose action is aimed at eliminating inflammation in the sinuses.

Using an inhaler to treat sinusitis is safer than taking pills. With this procedure, the drug is delivered as close as possible to the source of inflammation, without entering the intestines and bloodstream. The therapeutic effect occurs faster, and the risk of complications is minimized.

Let's take a closer look at the inhalation drugs used in the treatment of sinusitis.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

Fluimucil - antibiotic

A combined agent with antibacterial and expectorant properties. Thiamphenicol has a wide spectrum of antimicrobial action and is effective against streptococcal, staphylococcal, and hemophilic infections. Acetylcysteine ​​is a mucolytic agent that reduces the viscosity of mucus, so that it can be evacuated from the maxillary sinus. One bottle contains 500 mg of active ingredient.

To prepare the medicine for the nebulizer, add an ampoule of solvent to the powder and mix thoroughly. The finished product can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 24 hours. The daily dose for adults should not exceed 500 mg, it is divided into several doses. Immediately before use, you should remove the medicine from the refrigerator, draw up the required amount with a syringe, warm it to room temperature and pour it into a special nebulizer container. Another 2 ml of saline solution is added there so that the drug is less concentrated.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


A broad-spectrum antibacterial agent that destroys pathogens that cause sinusitis.

Before pouring Gentamicin or other antibiotics into the nebulizer, they are mixed with saline in a ratio of 1:6. For one procedure, you should take 3 ml of the diluted product. Inhalations are carried out twice a day for a week.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


An antiseptic that acts on almost all groups of microorganisms. Used in the presence of pus in the maxillary sinuses. For one inhalation, you need to pour 3-4 ml of solution into the nebulizer. When used in adults, the product does not need to be diluted. The procedure is repeated three times a day for 7 days.

Dioxidin, Dekasan, Furacilin are also used as antiseptics for the treatment of sinusitis.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


A multicomponent preparation of plant origin, which includes extracts of calendula, aloe and chamomile. It has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect in the treatment of sinusitis.

For inhalation, a diluted solution of Rotokan is used in a ratio of 1:20. A single dose is 4 ml. Carry out the manipulation twice a day for one to two weeks.

Analogs of this drug in terms of pharmacological properties are pharmaceutical tincture of propolis, eucalyptus, Malavit.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


An antihistamine used for sinusitis caused by an allergic reaction of the body. Relieves swelling from tissues, ensuring free nasal breathing and outflow of exudate. In addition, Dexamethasone has anti-inflammatory properties.

Used only with the permission of the attending physician. A single dose for an adult is 2 mg of active substance (0.5 ml). Diluted with 4 milliliters of saline solution. Inhalations are carried out three times a day; no more than two ampoules of the medicine can be used per day. The course of treatment is one week.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


The vasoconstrictor, when applied to the mucous membrane, reduces inflammatory swelling, ensuring free nasal breathing. For inhalation for sinusitis, it is used in the form of a suspension. To prepare it, you should dilute Naphthyzin with saline solution in a ratio of 1:5. For one procedure, 2 ml of the already diluted drug is taken.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

Inhalation with a nebulizer for a runny nose: recipes for solutions

In the treatment of rhinitis, many physiological procedures aimed at restoring the function of the nasopharynx are considered effective.

Inhalation with a nebulizer for a runny nose is one of these physiotherapy procedures that is widely used in the treatment of the disease in children and adults.

What types of nebulizers are there?

A nebulizer for a runny nose in children can be used immediately after the birth of the child, but this can only be done as prescribed by a specialist. A nebulizer is a special medical device designed for inhalation. Usually the procedure is carried out in a medical facility, but if you have such a device at home, you can treat rhinitis yourself.

The principle of the procedure is that while using the device, it sprays small dispersed particles of the medicinal solutions used, which enter the respiratory tract. The advantage of treating rhinitis with this method is that the sprayed particles of medications penetrate the respiratory tract much faster than with other types of therapy.

All nebulizers are divided into several types based on their operating principle:

  1. Compressor _ They are quite large devices consisting of a compressor and a chamber. These two elements are connected to each other by an air duct. The spraying of medicinal particles in nebulizers of this type occurs due to the “breaking” of the medicine by a powerful stream of air. The disadvantage of such devices is their noisy operation, so their use in the treatment of small children often becomes impossible.
  2. Ultrasonic . When using this type of inhalation device, the medicine is converted into an aerosol using ultrasonic waves. Such devices are compact and silent, but have one important drawback - some molecular compounds can be destroyed under the influence of ultrasound. Ultrasound devices cannot be used when treating a runny nose with antibiotics and mucolytics using the inhalation method.
  3. Mesh nebulizer . Modern devices in which the medicine is converted into small particles passing through a special membrane. These are compact, convenient and silent devices that cost much more than previous models.

When using such modern devices for carrying out the procedure, you should know the rule: you cannot use nebulizer recipes for a runny nose that contain essential oils. Adults and small patients should not breathe oils using such a device, since small particles of this product can clog small lumens of the bronchi and cause oil pneumonia.

It is recommended to choose a compressor nebulizer for inhalation for runny noses in children, because they are intended for very young patients. The device comes with several masks of different sizes for a more convenient procedure. The use of such a mask allows the medicine to penetrate directly into the respiratory system without being sprayed into the air.

How can you inhale a child with a runny nose using a nebulizer?

It is important to know how to use a nebulizer for inhalation for a runny nose, so that the procedure brings a positive result - it improves the patient’s well-being and speeds up the recovery process. First of all, you should understand that different medications are intended for each type of device.

Most often, experts prescribe the following nebulizer solutions for a runny nose:

  1. Mucolytics . Can be used for procedures using a compressor and mesh nebulizer. This group of solutions for inhalation with a nebulizer for a runny nose includes acetylcysteine, lazolvan, and mucomist.
  2. Alkaline compresses . When using alkaline solutions to treat rhinitis, all types of nebulizers can be used. These are medications such as sodium chloride and sodium bicarbonate.
  3. Antibacterial solutions . Nebulizer medications for a runny nose caused by bacteria belong to the group of antibacterial drugs. These are furatsilin, dioxidin, malavit, they can be used for compressor and mesh nebulizers.
  4. Bronchodilators . Designed to carry out the procedure when using any type of device. These medications for inhalation with a nebulizer for a runny nose include Berodual, Salbutamol, Berotec and Atrovent.
  5. Glucocorticosteroids . Drugs are used with any of the three types of apparatus for carrying out the procedure. Most often, specialists prescribe a glucocorticosteroid such as hydrocortisone.

Regardless of the chosen drug, for a safe and effective procedure, it is important to observe the temperature parameters of inhalation solutions. The temperature of the product used should not be lower than 20 degrees.

What medications are suitable for inhalation for a runny nose with a nebulizer?

To treat acute and chronic nasopharyngeal diseases, many recipes for inhalation with a nebulizer for a runny nose are used, aimed at restoring the mucous membrane. When preparing prescriptions for inhalation with a nebulizer for a child with a runny nose, a specialist must take into account the age of the little patient.

What nebulizer medications are best to use for a runny nose, a specialist will tell you. In each case, the otolaryngologist prescribes different drugs, because their choice depends on the type of rhinitis, the characteristics of its course and the age of the patient.

In most cases, the following inhalation drugs are prescribed for a runny nose:

  1. Interferon . The medicine is prescribed for viral infectious diseases of the nasopharynx in children and adults. To carry out the procedure, the contents of one ampoule of interferon must be diluted in 3 ml of physiological solution. After this, the product should be placed in a medication reservoir and the procedure should be carried out 2 times a day.
  2. Tonzilong . The drug is diluted with saline solution 1:1 when treating adults and children over 7 years of age. For children 1–7 years old, the solution is diluted in a ratio of 1: 2, for patients under one year of age – 1: 3. In one procedure, it is necessary to use up to 4 ml of medication, inhalation up to two times a day.
  3. Furacilin . The procedure with this solution is carried out in the treatment of ARVI, when a runny nose is one of the symptoms of the disease.
  4. Chlorophyllipt . To carry out the procedure, the medicine is diluted with saline in a ratio of 1: 10. One inhalation will require 3 ml of the diluted solution; it is recommended to carry out up to three procedures per day.
  5. Tincture of calendula . The alcohol tincture is diluted with saline solution 1:40, up to 4 ml of medication is used in one procedure. For acute inflammation of the nose and sinuses, inhalations should be carried out three times a day.
  6. Alcohol tincture of propolis . The tincture purchased at the pharmacy must be diluted with saline solution 1:20. It is not recommended to use the solution if you are prone to allergic reactions.

Inhalation for a runny nose with a nebulizer with saline solution and mineral water

Inhalations with a nebulizer are also often prescribed for a runny nose, however, they are only effective when necessary to moisturize the nasal mucosa. It is advisable to carry out such procedures at an early stage of the development of rhinitis. Instead of saline solution, alkaline mineral water can be used, for example, Borjomi, Essentuki, Luzhanskaya.

If you use these alkaline solutions for inhalation against a runny nose with a nebulizer for children and adults, you can achieve the following therapeutic effect:

  • deeply cleanse the patient’s nasal cavity from pathogenic microorganisms - viruses and bacteria that caused the development of the disease;
  • make the secretion accumulated in the nose more liquid;
  • prevent mucus stagnation in the sinuses;
  • quickly reduce swelling of the nasal mucosa;
  • prevent the development of complications of prolonged rhinitis - purulent otitis and sinusitis.

If you know what to use for inhalation when a child or adult has a runny nose, you can get rid of rhinitis in a few days. How can you inhale a runny nose with a nebulizer if there are no special solutions? The procedure can also be carried out using ready-made medications intended for irrigation or instillation of the nasal cavity. For example, Naphthyzin nasal drops can be diluted in saline and inhaled twice a day, using the drug in the age-specific dosage specified in the instructions.

If the patient is bothered by purulent rhinitis, in which a yellow or green secretion is released from the nasal cavity, you can use the antibacterial drug Isofra or Bioparox. Combination agents can also be used in this way, among which the vasoconstrictor antibiotic Polydexa is effective. If you are prone to frequent rhinitis, inhalations may be prescribed to increase local immunity using Laferobion.

Rules for inhalation with nebulizer medications for a runny nose

In order for the treatment to be effective, it is important to know what inhalations for a runny nose can be done with a nebulizer, based on the type of disease.

However, the therapy must also be as safe as possible, and for this you should familiarize yourself with the rules for inhalation with a nebulizer:

  1. Therapy cannot be carried out immediately after or before meals; half an hour should pass between treatment and meals.
  2. You should not talk during inhalation.
  3. At elevated body temperatures, this method of treating rhinitis is contraindicated.
  4. During the session, the patient must be in a sitting position.
  5. When treating a runny nose, inhale through the nose and exhale through the mouth.
  6. The duration of one procedure is on average 10–15 minutes, depending on what kind of inhalation is done with a nebulizer for a runny nose.
  7. After a procedure using hormonal or antibacterial drugs, it is advisable to rinse your mouth with water.
  8. To completely cure a runny nose, 5-10 sessions are usually enough.

What inhalations can be done with a nebulizer for a runny nose can only be determined by a doctor based on the diagnosis. The specialist also determines the dosage of the drug and the number of sessions of this treatment procedure.>

Rules for inhalation

1. Inhalations should be taken no earlier than 1-1.5 hours after meals, and you should not be distracted by conversation. After inhalation, it is not recommended to talk, eat, or go outside for 1 hour (in cool weather).

2. For diseases of the upper respiratory tract (nose, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx), inhalation and exhalation must be done through the nose using a mask. Breathe calmly, without tension.

3. For diseases of the middle respiratory tract (throat, larynx), inhalation and exhalation should be done through the mouth using a mask. You should breathe calmly as usual

4. For diseases of the trachea, bronchi, and lungs, it is recommended to inhale the aerosol through the mouth using a mouthpiece. Breathe deeply and evenly.

5. Most solutions for inhalation are prepared using saline 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) as a solvent and humectant. The original drug is diluted with saline in certain proportions.

6. The prepared solution should be stored in the refrigerator for no more than a day. Be sure to warm to room temperature before use.

7. When prescribing several drugs simultaneously, the order should be observed. A bronchodilator is inhaled first, after 15-20 minutes a sputum thinner and remover is inhaled, then, after the sputum is discharged, an antibiotic or anti-inflammatory drug is inhaled.

8. The course of treatment depends on the complexity of the disease and the drug used (from 5 to 10 days)

9. Although nebulizer therapy does not apply to thermal physiotherapeutic procedures, it is nevertheless not recommended to perform inhalations at elevated body temperatures

10. It is prohibited to use oil preparations in nebulizers. Various oils are used to treat diseases only of the upper respiratory tract, for which exposure to coarse particles is sufficient, therefore steam inhalers are used for inhalation of oils. The nebulizer produces fine particles. When using oil solutions, fine particles of oil enter the lungs, and this significantly increases the risk of developing so-called oil pneumonia. Also, the use of essential oils in nebulizers increases the risk of allergies due to the high concentration of active substances in the lungs.

11. Most nebulizers do not allow the use of self-prepared decoctions and infusions of herbs, since they have a suspension that is much larger than aerosol particles and the nebulizer cannot miss them, which in turn can lead to damage to the device. For the same reason, suspensions and syrups are not used in nebulizers (with the exception of special suspensions for inhalation). Although there are nebulizers that can work with herbal decoctions.

12. Medicines such as Eufillin, Papaverine, Diphenhydramine and the like cannot be used in nebulizers, since they do not have “points of application” on the mucous membrane.

Equipment needed for inhalation at home

To simplify the task a little, I decided to further introduce you to the equipment that we may need to carry out inhalation at home:

Classic versions of a coffee pot or teapot, equipped with a spout . A cone-shaped package is inserted into such holes, which, by the way, you can make yourself. Breathe through a homemade inhaler and expect a beneficial effect. ? A saucepan is an essential accessory for steam inhalation. I won’t even explain it here - everything couldn’t be simpler. If anyone doesn’t know how to use such a container, then it’s for your grandmothers.

inhalation for colds at home

A saucepan is an essential accessory for steam inhalation. I won’t even explain it here - everything couldn’t be simpler. If anyone doesn’t know how to use such a container, then it’s for your grandmothers. A nebulizer is a special drug that can be compression (converts medicine into an aerosol) and ultrasonic (separates medicines and herbs into microparticles). It is especially convenient for treating children.

inhalation for colds at home

A steam inhaler is a device equipped with a special container into which the necessary components (mineral water, soda, etc.) are poured. In general, it greatly simplifies the preparatory process.

inhalation for colds at home

As you may have noticed, friends, you don’t need super devices that require financial investments to carry out inhalation.

A nebulizer and other types of devices are relatively inexpensive, and the instructions included in the kit greatly simplify the task. In general, everything is accessible and understandable.

Main contraindications: “Inhalation is a fairly simple procedure that does not require special skills or specialized knowledge.

However, even this method of treating the respiratory tract has a number of contraindications - at high body temperature (over 37 degrees); the patient has cardiovascular diseases; diagnosing a person with hypertension; with weak blood vessels in the sinuses; for congenital pathologies and lung problems; with swelling of the larynx.

To avoid unwanted side effects and eliminate the risk of mucosal burns, it is important not to forget about the above prohibitions.”

Useful tips from doctors

Inflammation of the maxillary sinuses, or otherwise known as maxillitis, responds well to treatment using inhalations. All that is required is for the patient to visit an ENT doctor to confirm the diagnosis and develop a strategy to combat the pathology. Strictly adhering to all recommendations:

  • choice of medication;
  • dosage;
  • correct application.

Already on the third day, the disease will begin to recede, and then completely disappear.

After the disease is defeated, the patient should not relax. After all, sinusitis can and will definitely return if the following recommendations are not followed:

  • avoid drafts;
  • take a course of vitamin complexes annually;
  • dress according to the weather;
  • try not to get too cold.

Following these simple rules will not give sinusitis a second chance.

Contraindications for inhalations

Inhalation treatment of sinusitis with steam and using a nebulizer has its limitations and absolute contraindications:

  • febrile fever, difficult to respond to antipyretic therapy;
  • purulent inflammation in the sinus, the presence of an abscess or cyst, proven by laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods;
  • severe pathology of the heart and blood vessels (rhythm disturbance, previous stroke or myocardial infarction, decompensated heart failure);

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

  • pneumothorax, pulmonary hemorrhage, emphysema;
  • exacerbation of an allergic disease, in which aerosol administration of drugs can provoke a worsening of the condition or a new attack; nosebleeds.

Compliance with all rules and recommendations, as well as taking into account contraindications, will allow you to quickly get rid of inflammation and avoid possible complications.

What medications should not be used?

There are medications that are not recommended to be injected into the inhaler for sinusitis or any other disease.


These are all medications that do not have a point of application in the respiratory system, including the sinus mucosa. These include: platiphylline, aminophylline, diphenhydramine, papaverine.


These are essential oils, herbal decoctions, suspensions, coarse substances and suspensions that can damage the device.


It is strictly forbidden to inhale with plant juices (a popular and widespread recipe is with aloe juice); such use of the inhaler can lead to irreversible damage to it.

It is not recommended to use systemic glucocorticosteroids intended for parenteral administration only. Through the vessels of the mucosa they will enter the general bloodstream and have a systemic effect.

What medicinal solutions are used for inhalation with a nebulizer for sinusitis?

For inhalation with a nebulizer for sinusitis, the patient may be prescribed:

  • immunostimulants - prescribed for sinusitis caused by ARVI (such medicinal solutions are advisable to use in the first days of the disease;
  • vasoconstrictor drugs - prescribed to facilitate nasal breathing and the unhindered discharge of secretions accumulated in the maxillary sinuses;
  • antibiotics - prescribed to destroy pathogenic pathogens and reduce signs of inflammation;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs - eliminate the symptoms of the inflammatory process and accelerate the restoration of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract;
  • hormonal drugs – eliminate swelling, have an anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect;
  • desensitizing agents - reduce tissue swelling, facilitate nasal breathing and removal of pathological secretions;
  • combined agents – have a complex effect (for example, vasoconstrictor and anti-inflammatory);
  • saline and alkaline solutions - provide cleansing and moisturizing of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, promote faster removal of mucus from the maxillary sinuses and nose.

The selection of drugs may depend on various factors - the patient’s age, stage and severity of the disease.

Carrying out inhalations with a nebulizer for sinusitis can significantly reduce the duration of therapy, but does not replace the main treatment - the prescription of antibacterial drugs (orally or parenterally). Also, such procedures can be recommended for patients with chronic forms of sinusitis to prevent relapses of the disease.

Inhalations for colds: recipes for preparing solutions

The simplest, but no less effective, are salt and soda inhalations. To prepare them, dissolve a teaspoon of sea salt or baking soda in 500 ml of hot water. The solution is poured into the inhaler and the vapor is inhaled for 10-15 minutes. Such inhalations have an antiseptic effect, well moisturize the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and help remove sputum. However, their action is not always enough to get rid of an annoying cough and runny nose, so most often doctors recommend inhalation using medications or herbal decoctions with the addition of soda or salt.

Inhalations that do not require medical supervision

  • Honey

1-2 tsp. natural flower honey is dissolved in 100 ml of warm water, 5 ml of solution is used for one inhalation. The procedure is carried out daily in the morning and evening.

  • Propolis-honey

Mix 2 g of propolis, 2 tsp. natural honey, 100 ml of furatsilin solution 0.2%. For one procedure, 10 ml of the mixture is required. The course of treatment is 10-15 days, one inhalation per day.

  • Onion and garlic

To prepare the solution, mix 3 drops of fresh juice with 5 ml of saline or water.

Inhalations made from pure grape juice and mineral water without gas are also effective.

Herbal inhalations

The use of the following recipes must be discussed with your doctor.

  • Anti-inflammatory astringent collection

Prepare a decoction of 20 g of chamomile flowers, 20 g of currant leaves and 8 g of string: pour a glass of boiling water over the herbs and leave. Use 10 ml of decoction for one procedure.

  • Antiseptic collection

10 g of raspberry leaves, linden blossom and coltsfoot herb are poured into a glass of boiling water and infused. For one procedure, use 10 ml of decoction.

  • Expectorant collection

Prepare a decoction of 200 ml of boiling water, 10 g of plantain leaves, 10 g of wild rosemary leaves and the same amount of coltsfoot herb. For one inhalation, use 10 ml of decoction.

What is a nebulizer?

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers
There are several types of nebulizers:

  1. Compression. This type of nebulizer is based on an electric compressor that is capable of creating a strong air flow. In a special spray chamber, when the flow comes into contact with the drug under high pressure conditions, a fine aerosol is formed. Such devices are suitable for any medications. Compression nebulizers have the ability to adjust the size of the drug particles. Thus, particles with a diameter of more than 10 microns affect the oropharynx, settling there, from 10 to 5 microns - the oropharynx, larynx, trachea, from 5 to 2 microns - the lower respiratory tract, from 2 to 0.5 microns - the alveolar part of the lungs. Also, the main advantages of this type of device include its low price. Among the disadvantages are: significant noise during operation; mains power.
  2. Ultrasonic. The formation of an aerosol in such a nebulizer occurs when the drug is exposed to ultrasonic vibrations. The creation of a finely dispersed aerosol fraction is ensured by an ultrasonic generator. High-frequency ultrasonic waves impact the medicine, causing it to separate into molecules. Therefore, many drugs (antibiotics, mucolytics, steroids, oil solutions) are not used in ultrasonic nebulizers. They are suitable for inhalation of low molecular weight compounds, for example, saline solution, saline solution. The resulting particles of the product have a size of 5-6 microns, i.e. capable of reaching bronchi and bronchioles of medium and small diameter. These devices are silent during operation and have a low cost.
  3. Steam. The action is based on the evaporation of a solution of a volatile medicinal substance, the boiling point of which is below 100°C. These nebulizers are suitable for inhalation with essential oils, provided they are diluted. Thus, the concentration of the drug is not sufficient to provide a therapeutic effect, i.e. The use of nebulizers of this category at home is inappropriate.
  4. Electron mesh (membrane). They are the most convenient to use, silent, portable, but at the same time the most expensive. The mechanism of action of a membrane nebulizer is to perform vibration movements with a special metal mesh. Through its holes, the drug is dispersed into small particles, which are fed into the breathing tubes or breathing mask using a pump with an air flow. Membrane-type nebulizers are suitable for inhalation of various categories of medications.

Rules for inhalation in a nebulizer

Before starting the inhalation procedure, you need to check the cleanliness of the nebulizer. The instructions state that the device should be cleaned after each use. Don't forget to sterilize the device.

Only sodium chloride solution should be used to dissolve medications. You should not take distilled or mineral water. It is better to mix the components in a sterile syringe, then pour its contents into the nebulizer container. The device will be ready for use after its final assembly.

Depending on the type of inhaler, it should only be held level or at an angle (mesh devices). The latter are more convenient because you can lie down during the procedure.

So much inhalation medication is poured into the nebulizer container so that you can breathe it for 10 minutes. As soon as steam stops coming out of the mask, the procedure is completed; there is no point in adding a new solution. If discomfort occurs in the oropharynx, it is better to end the session immediately.

If inhalation was done to a child, then after it it is advisable to rinse the mouth with warm water (especially when using hormonal medications). A greater therapeutic effect can be achieved if you do not talk and try not to cough for 30 minutes after completion of the procedure. Smokers should not smoke a cigarette within an hour.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

A number of substances can cause vomiting, so inhalation is carried out only an hour and a half after eating. It is necessary to strictly follow the doctor's prescription without exceeding the dose.

Inhalation using a nebulizer

Inhalations as a method of treating cough have very few contraindications, since the drugs do not enter the bloodstream and gastrointestinal tract, going directly into the respiratory tract. This helps maintain the normal functioning of the immune system and does not have a destructive effect on other vital internal organs.

Previously, inhalation procedures could only be performed in medical institutions. Modern pharmacies offer a large number of special compression and ultrasonic nebulizer devices to choose from, allowing you to perform inhalations at home. Pharmacies also have a large number of special medicinal solutions recommended for use through a nebulizer. Each of them contains detailed instructions for use with a dosage regimen, so it is almost impossible to overdose the medicine if the rules are carefully followed.

Inhalations using a nebulizer can be performed even when the patient suffers from fever. For adults, a breathing session lasts about 10 minutes, for children, depending on age, up to 5 minutes.

The devices themselves are classified according to the method of substance distribution as follows:

  • compressor - sprays the medicinal substance in an aerosol type. It is considered the easiest to operate and also belongs to a low price category, but the device is quite bulky and noisy, which complicates its use in small children and patients with limited mobility;
  • electronic mesh is the most high-tech nebulizer. Sprays medicinal substances applied to a metal mesh using small and very fast vibrations. The resulting aerosol is delivered into the respiratory tract using a pump;
  • An ultrasonic nebulizer is a high-frequency wave generator. With their help, the drug is broken down into tiny substances, so tiny that they can penetrate much further than the particles created by a conventional compressor. Its disadvantage is that it changes the properties of some medications, so not all pharmacological agents for inhalation can be inhaled through this type of nebulizer.

After the procedure has been completed, any device is thoroughly washed so that no particles of the drug used remain, and dried.

Is it possible to give inhalations to pregnant women with a cold?

For colds, they are prescribed to pregnant women, as they are considered the most harmless method of treatment - the sprayed medicine does not enter the bloodstream, and therefore does not affect the fetus. In the first trimester of pregnancy, only a compression nebulizer is used, and it is filled with saline solution and Lazolvan. From the second trimester, wet ones are acceptable. But before carrying out any procedure, you need to consult a doctor.

At any stage, it is necessary to refuse inhalation if there is a risk of miscarriage or developmental defects in the unborn child.

Causes of sinusitis

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

A person often has a cough, fever, or chills. Only after examining the patient and identifying the stage and causes of the disease, the doctor prescribes individually selected therapy. The danger of infection is that the sinus is a closed cavity. Once inside, a bacterial or viral infection finds itself in ideal conditions and begins to develop rapidly. Elevated temperature, humidity, minimal ventilation, and poor drainage from the sinuses create excellent conditions for the proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms.

To prevent the first symptoms of nasal cavity disease, you can use safe external remedies. Inhalations with decoctions of medicinal plants and vegetable oils, as well as other medications, will help cure sinusitis.

At the first stage, when the process of sinus inflammation begins, mucus is formed, making breathing difficult. It is an excellent environment for the development of pathogens. Timely use of external antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs will help stop infection and reduce the inflammatory process. To remove congestion in the nose, inhalation for sinusitis done at home is best suited.

Operating principle and application of the device

The principle of operation of the device is that the medicine, under the influence of rarefied pressure or ultrasound (depending on the type of device), is converted into an aerosol, which enters the mask through a tube and easily penetrates the respiratory tract. The smallest medicinal particles are distributed throughout the nasal mucosa and enter the most remote areas and even reach the paranasal sinuses.

After purchase, the device should be assembled according to the included instructions. When performing inhalation for a cold with a nebulizer, the patient should be in a sitting position. For throat diseases, the medicinal aerosol should be inhaled deeply through the mouth, using for this purpose not a mask, but a special nozzle, so the therapeutic effect is achieved faster.

During inhalation, you need to take a deep breath, then hold your breath for a few seconds, then exhale through your nose.

Treatment of rhinitis can be carried out either using the nasal attachments of the device or using a mask. In this case, you should breathe slowly so that the interaction of the drug with the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity is as complete as possible.

Preparations for inhalation with a nebulizer

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


Mucolytics help dilute viscous sputum, which loads the bronchi and complicates the course of the disease. Fluimucil, ACC, Ambroxol, Lazolvan have proven themselves. Ordinary saline solution, Essentuki water (No. 4 and No. 17) also give good results, actively moisturizing the mucous surface of the oropharynx. The drug Trisol is often prescribed.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


Bronchodilators can prevent or relieve an attack of bronchospasm. This unpleasant symptom accompanies bronchitis and bronchial asthma, and if it is stopped in a timely manner, the course of the disease is alleviated. The most popular medicine is Berodual. The dilution proportions of the solution for inhalation are given by the attending physician, who is guided by the picture of the disease. Also included in the prescriptions are Berotec and Atrovent.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


The combination of Fluimucil and an antibiotic gives tangible results in the fight against almost all respiratory diseases. The antibiotic Dioxidin, which has an antibacterial effect, is usually used. Tonsillitis, sinusitis and otitis, purulent diseases of the oropharynx are also well treated with the use of Dioxidin. This drug is not prescribed for young children due to the lack of information about the possibility of use.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

Another antibiotic is Ceftriaxone, which belongs to the class of the most powerful drugs in the fight against bacterial respiratory tract infections. The dosage is individual, the prescription can only be made by a doctor.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


A popular antiseptic is Miramistin, which is prescribed for damage to the upper respiratory tract. Absolute safety even for a small child makes the drug very popular. Miramistin does not need to be diluted beforehand; it gives noticeable results after just a few uses.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


The following drugs are actively used:

Derinat does an excellent job of preventing influenza and ARVI. The product does not need to be diluted; 2 ml is taken per application.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

Interferon (in powder form) - for dilution, pour slightly cooled boiled water into the container with the medicine until the volume reaches 2 ml. Interferon is especially actively used in children.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


Herbal medicine works against inflammation. Medicines of herbal origin are used - Rotokan, Tonsilgon N, Propolis and others. To prepare the solution you will need sodium chloride.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


Vasoconstriction helps relieve the unpleasant effects of a stuffy nose. Doctors prescribe inhalations with Naphthyzin, the effect of which is aimed at relieving swelling of the larynx due to laryngotracheitis and respiratory tract allergies. Adrenaline (Epinephrine) helps relieve bronchospasm, but may cause an increase in heart rate

Therefore, it should be used with extreme caution

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


Expectorant drugs represent a broader list of medications, which also includes mucolytics. A dry, unproductive cough does not help remove mucus from the patient’s body, causing unpleasant and protracted attacks. A local effect is achieved by filling the inhaler with Lidocaine. Another effective medicine is Bronchipret. Thyme extract, which forms the basis of Tussamag inhalation drops, is aimed at combating unproductive cough.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers


Hormonal spectrum medications should be used with extreme caution and only after a preliminary visit to the doctor. The main remedy is Pulmicort, which helps with obstructive syndrome and alleviates bronchial asthma.

In medical practice, its successful use is noted for false croup in children under three years of age. Pulmicort is diluted with sodium chloride solution strictly in the ratio chosen by the therapist. In addition to it, Cromohexal and Dexamethasone are also prescribed.

Medicines used for inhalation using nebulizers

Medicines for inhalation

  • Chamomile. To prepare a chamomile inhalation solution, pour a handful of crushed chamomile flowers into one glass of boiling water. Leave for 20-30 minutes, then add boiling water to 1 liter. How to do inhalations? Fold a sheet or wide terry towel in half and cover yourself with it. Hold your head over the pan and inhale the steam alternately through your nose and mouth for 10-15 minutes. Instead of chamomile, you can use peppermint or sage leaves;
  • Honey. To prepare a solution for inhalation from bee honey, you need to heat boiled water to 40°C and dilute honey with it, for one part of honey there are 5 parts of water. Spray the solution using an inhaler (inhaling through the nose, exhaling through the mouth, the first half of the time allotted for the procedure, the second half - vice versa). It is also recommended to take honey orally at night. The amount of honey depends on age. For children 5-7 years old it is recommended to take 1 tsp, adults - 1 tbsp;
  • Potato steam. Perhaps the easiest way. To do this, you need to boil potatoes in their “jacket” and inhale the steam from it;
  • Sage herb. When you have a cough or runny nose, steam the herb and inhale its volatile phytoncides;
  • Kalanchoe juice. For therapeutic inhalation, you need to dilute 1 ml of Kalanchoe juice in 5 ml of boiled water or isotonic solution;
  • Onion and garlic juice. For one inhalation, you need to dissolve 3 drops of onion or garlic juice (no need to prepare it in advance, you need freshly prepared juice) in 5 ml of boiled water or saline solution.

How to do inhalations at home without a nebulizer

If you don’t have an inhaler at hand, and purchasing one is not part of your plans, then a cough and runny nose can be treated in other ways. We use improvised means and products that are found in almost every home - potatoes, garlic. At the pharmacy you can buy herbs - eucalyptus, sage. They are easy to brew in boiling water and breathe the steam over the pan.

The recipe for garlic inhalation liquid is as follows: you need to take 6 cloves, chop them finely and boil. You should breathe over the switched off and steaming pan until you feel a feeling of clearing the airways. If you use sage and eucalyptus, you can add a validol tablet and a quarter of a briquette of pine extract to the decoction.

It's even easier with potatoes. You need one large or a couple of small root vegetables. They are washed and boiled in their uniforms. You need to breathe over the pan with boiled potatoes until the water cools. Traditional methods that do not involve the use of technical devices also give good results.

Inhalations for colds at home

In acute respiratory diseases, there is a sore throat, dryness, sore throat and cough. For chronic and acute diseases of the upper respiratory tract, inhalations should be done.

By inhalation, the drug is introduced into the body in the form of gas or vapor. This procedure allows you to directly influence the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.

Inhalations for colds at home can be done using steam, ultrasonic and compression inhalers.

An ultrasonic inhaler turns liquid into vapor by vibrating a special plate. The compression inhaler generates vapor with a powerful air stream. In a steam inhaler, the medicine simply evaporates. The most primitive types of inhalers are the spout of a teapot or a saucepan with a decoction of medicinal herbs or jacket potatoes.

Inhalations can be done with soda or sea salt. When coughing, pour two teaspoons of soda or salt into a liter of boiling water, remove the container from the stove, place it on the table, lower your head over it, cover it with a towel and breathe.

Inhalations can be done with medicinal herbs. Lavender, sage, mint, chamomile, linden flowers, birch, eucalyptus and oak leaves, as well as pine, cedar, fir and juniper needles fight well against colds. Some take only one plant, while others like to make medicinal mixtures. For a glass of water you need to take one tablespoon of raw material. The decoction is prepared in the standard way using a water bath and infusion.

Twenty drops of essential oil, for example, camphor or eucalyptus, should be poured into boiling water. Cover your head with a towel and breathe over the ladle until the steam runs out. To avoid irritation of the mucous membrane during the procedure, you need to close your eyes. For pharyngitis and laryngitis, you need to breathe over a bowl of hot water, to which garlic or onion juice has been added.

For acute laryngitis, many are treated with honey. In order to carry out inhalation, you need to take three teaspoons of honey and seven teaspoons of water, mix everything and pour it into a kettle. Breathe through a tube inserted into the kettle, which should be on the stove. As soon as the steam ends, the kettle is heated again and the procedure continues. Inhalation lasts about twenty minutes, it is better to do it before bed. Under no circumstances should you breathe boiling water; this can damage the mucous membrane.

Inhalations should not be done in case of arrhythmia, heart failure, high temperature, a tendency to nosebleeds, or lung diseases.

How to do inhalations for a cold?

Inhalation is a delicate and mild method of treating colds. The procedure allows you to influence the respiratory tract locally without affecting other organs. How to do inhalations for a cold? The easiest way is to buy an inhaler that is easy to use and does not require special skills. Or you can do it the old way, pour boiling water with essential oils or decoctions of medicinal herbs into a regular bowl and cover with a towel.

Inhalation can be done with pine buds. To carry out the procedure, you will need four tablespoons of kidneys and two glasses of water. The kidneys need to be cooked in a closed pan for fifteen minutes over low heat, then sit comfortably, cover your head with a towel and breathe in the essential oils that will evaporate from the pan.

It’s even easier to do inhalation with soda. To do this you will need a liter of water and five tablespoons of soda. You need to inhale through your nose and exhale through your mouth.

In order to carry out onion inhalation, you need to grate one onion, squeeze the resulting pulp through gauze and pour the juice into boiling water. The following proportions must be observed: ten parts water and one part onion juice.

In order to get results, inhalations need to be done every three hours, preferably after meals. If you need to treat your nose, you should breathe through your nose; if your throat hurts, then you need to breathe through your mouth.

Nicotine constricts blood vessels in the respiratory tract, so when smoking the medicine is poorly absorbed. During the treatment period, it is advisable to give up this bad habit.

What to do with inhalation for a cold?

At home, you can use portable nebulizers, with which inhalations are easy and simple.

Previously, they breathed over a basin or pan of water. This was not very convenient, especially if you had to treat a child. It is difficult to get children to sit still for even ten minutes. Therefore, pots of boiling water often led to burns and a complete abandonment of such procedures.

Today, in almost any pharmacy you can buy a steam inhaler, into which you can pour herbal decoctions, mineral water or water with the addition of essential oils. Steam inhalers are sold with a set of masks not only for treating the respiratory tract, but also for cleansing the face. By purchasing such an inhaler, you can kill two birds with one stone, because such an inhaler will make its user not only healthy, but also beautiful.

What to do with inhalation for a cold? The simplest is salt and soda inhalation. For the solution you need 500 ml of water, a teaspoon of baking soda or sea salt. The solution must be poured into the inhaler and inhaled for fifteen minutes. This procedure has an antiseptic effect, it allows you to well moisturize the mucous membranes and remove phlegm. Some people add soda or salt to a decoction of medicinal herbs.

For colds, inhalation with honey and propolis helps a lot. To prepare the solution, you need to take 100 ml of furatsilin solution, 2 grams of propolis and 2 teaspoons of honey. The course of treatment is ten days.

Inhalation can be done no earlier than an hour and a half after eating. For an hour after the procedure, you should not go outside, talk loudly or smoke. Hot inhalation is not done with boiling water; the water temperature should not exceed 45 degrees.

Inhalation for colds with a nebulizer

The first symptoms of a cold are a runny nose and cough. The person feels unwell, discomfort prevents him from resting and working normally. A runny nose is a protective reaction of the body that tries to protect itself from viruses. The mucous membrane intensively produces mucus, trying to cleanse the nasal cavity of pathogenic organisms, preventing microbes from penetrating further. In respiratory diseases, cough develops due to inflammation of the respiratory tract or due to the fact that a lot of mucus enters the bronchi from the nasopharynx. In the latter case, the cough is reflexive in nature, and the bronchi do not secrete much mucus.

Several years ago, doctors advised buying nebulizers only for those patients who suffered from chronic lung diseases. Today, these devices, as well as thermometers for measuring body temperature, are found in almost every home.

There are ultrasonic and compression inhalers. Both convert liquid medicine into vapor. The smallest particles of the drug enter the respiratory tract with the air flow.

How can a medicine enter the body? You can, for example, put drops in your nose. What is the disadvantage of this method of treatment? The drops flow into the oropharynx and have only a short-term effect. If there is severe swelling and copious discharge from the nasal cavity, even vasoconstrictors will not help, let alone other drops, they will not even reach the place that needs to be treated.

Syrups and tablets begin to affect the respiratory system, traveling a long way through the gastrointestinal tract and blood system. Of course, some of the active components will be lost along the way, and harm will be caused to the stomach, liver and other organs, which receive all the side effects of certain drugs.

Injections help well, but not everyone knows how to do them. Even if someone in the family knows how to give injections, without having a medical education, it is not a fact that he will be able to give an injection to a small child.

Inhalations for colds with a nebulizer do not cause pain. The main advantage of inhalation is that the medicine immediately reaches its destination, that is, it does not travel a long way through the entire body, but immediately enters the lungs, nose and throat. It is easy to persuade a child to undergo the procedure. To do this, you need to show yourself how to put on the mask, and then turn on the cartoon and sit the baby comfortably in your arms.

In order to get rid of a runny nose, you need to fill the inhaler with saline solution or alkaline mineral water. The procedure allows you to cleanse the nasal cavity of viruses and pathogenic microorganisms that provoked the disease, and also relieves swelling of the mucous membrane. For purulent rhinitis and sinusitis, you can pour antibacterial drugs, such as Isofra, into the nebulizer.

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